Publications

Chapin papers in PDF Format

BOOKSREFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS, NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

BOOKS

1. Van Cleve, K., F.S. Chapin, III, P.W. Flanagan, L.A. Vierick, and C.T. Dyrness (eds.).  1986.  Forest ecosystems in the Alaskan taiga.  A synthesis of structure and function.  Springer-Verlag, New York.

2. Chapin, F.S., III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver, and J. Svoboda (eds.).  1992.  Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate.  Academic Press.  San Diego.

3. Caron, D.C. F.S. Chapin, III, J. Donoghue, M. Firestone, J. Harte, L.E. Wells, and R. Stewardson. 1994. Ecological and Social Dimensions of Global Change. Institute of International Studies, Berkeley.

4. Chapin, F.S., III, and Ch. Körner, eds. 1995. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

5. Lambers, H., F.S. Chapin, III, and J.L. Pons. 1998. Plant Physiological Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York. [Published in Persian and in Chinese 2005]

6. Chapin, F.S., III, O. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald (eds). 2001.  Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York.

7. Chapin, F.S., III, P.A. Matson, and H.A. Mooney. 2002. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. Springer-Verlag, New York ISBN 0-387-95439-2. [Published in Chinese 2005]

8. Chapin, F.S., III, M.W. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L Verbyla (editors). 2006. Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York. ISBN 978-0-19-515431-3.

9. Lambers, H., F.S. Chapin, III, and J.L. Pons. 2008. Plant Physiological Ecology. Second Edition. Springer-Verlag, New York.

10. Chapin, F.S., III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). 2009. Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-0-387-73032-5.

11. NRC. 2010. Adapting to the Impacts of Climate Change. National Academies Press, Washington.

12. Chapin, F.S., III, P.A. Matson, and P.M Vitousek. 2011. Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. 2nd edition. Springer, New York.

 


REFEREED JOURNAL ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS

 

. Chapin, F.S., III.  l973.  Morphological and physiological mechanisms of temperature compensation in phosphate absorption along a latitudinal gradient.  Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford Univ., l34 pp.

2. Chapin, F.S., III.  l974.  Phosphate absorption capacity and acclimation potential in plants along a latitudinal gradient.  Science l83:52l-523. 

3. Chapin, F.S., III.  l974.  Morphological and physiological mechanisms of temperature compensation in phosphate absorption along a latitudinal gradient.  Ecology 55:ll80-ll98. 

4. Chapin, F.S., III.  l974.  Effect of low phosphate pretreatment of plant species with different relative growth rates on subsequent phosphate uptake.  Science l86:847. 

5. Chapin, F.S., III, and D.F. Holleman.  l974.  Radioassay of 32P in intact plant roots using Cerenkov radiation detection.  Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isotopes 25:568-570. 

6. Chapin, F.S., III, K. Van Cleve, and L.L. Tieszen.  l975.  Seasonal nutrient dynamics of tundra vegetation at Barrow, Alaska.  Arct. Alp. Res. 7:209-226. 

7. Chapin, F.S., III, and A. Bloom.  l976. Phosphate absorption: adaptation of tundra graminoids to a low temperature, low phosphorus environment.  Oikos 27:lll-l2l. 

8. Chapin, F.S., III.  l977.  Temperature compensation in phosphate absorption occurring over diverse time scales.  Arct. Alp. Res. 9:l39-l48.

9. Chapin, F.S., III.  l977.  Thermal adaptations of the phosphate absorption process in plants along a latitudinal gradient.  Pages 99-l09 In The Belowground Ecosystem:  A Synthesis of Plant - Associated Processes (J. K. Marshall, ed.).  Range Science Dept. Sciences Series No. 26.  Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins. 

10. Chapin, F.S., III.  l978.  Phosphate uptake and nutrient utilization by Barrow tundra vegetation.  Pp. 483-507 In Vegetation and Production Ecology of an Alaska Arctic Tundra (L. L. Tieszen, ed.).  Springer-Verlag, New York.

11. Chapin, F.S., III, R.J. Barsdate, and D. Barel.  l978.  Phosphorus cycling in Alaskan coastal tundra:  a hypothesis for the regulation of nutrient cycling.  Oikos 3l:l89-l99.

12. Chapin, F.S., III, and K. Van Cleve.  l978.  Nitrogen and phosphorus distribution in an Alaskan tussock tundra ecosystem:  natural patterns and implications for development.  Pp. 738-753 In Environmental Chemistry and Cycling Processes (D. C. Adriano and I. L. Brisbin, eds.).

13. Kedrowski, R.A., and F.S. Chapin, III.  l978.  Comparison of lipid composition of Carex aquatilis from hot spring and permafrost-dominated sites in Alaska: Implications for nutrient requirements.  Physiol. Plant. 44:23l-237.

14. Miller, P.C., W.A. Stoner, L.L. Tieszen, M.L. Allessio, B.H. McCown, F.S. Chapin, III, and G. Shaver.  l978.  A model of carbohydrate, nitrogen and phosphorus allocation and growth in tundra production.  Pp. 577-598 In Vegetation and Production Ecology of an Alaskan Arctic Tundra (L. L. Tiezen, ed.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

15. Chapin, F.S., III.  l979.  Nutrient uptake and utilization by tundra plants.  Pp. 2l5-234 In Comparative Mechanisms of Cold Adaptation (L.S. Underwood, L.L. Tieszen, A.B. Callahan, G.E. Folk, eds.).  Academic Press, New York.

16. Chapin, F.S., III, and M. Slack.  l979.  Effect of defoliation upon root growth, phosphate absorption and respiration in nutrient-limited tundra graminoids.  Oecologia (Berl.) 42:67-79.

17. Chapin, F.S., III., K. Van Cleve, and M.C. Chapin.  l979.  Soil temperature and nutrient cycling in the tussock growth form of Eriophorum vaginatum.  J. Ecol. 67:l69-l89.

18. Shaver, G.A., F.S. Chapin, III, and W.D. Billings.  l979.  Ecotypic differentiation in Carex aquatilis on ice-wedge polygons in the Alaskan coastal tundra.  J. Ecol. 67:l025-l046.

19. Chapin, F.S., III.  l980.  The mineral nutrition of wild plants.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. ll:233-260. 

20. Chapin, F.S., III.  l980.  Nutrient allocation and responses to defoliation in tundra plants.  Arct. Alp. Res.  l2:553-563.

21. Chapin, F.S., III, and M.C. Chapin.  l980.  Revegetation of an arctic disturbed site by native tundra species:  Implications for community restoration.  J. Appl. Ecol.  l7:449-456.

22. Chapin, F.S., III, D.A. Johnson, and J.D. McKendrick.  l980.  Seasonal movement of nutrients in plants of differing growth form in an Alaskan tundra ecosystem:  Implications for herbivory.  J. Ecol. 68:l89-209.

23. Chapin, F.S, III, P.C. Miller, W.D. Billings, and P. Coyne. l980.  Carbon and nutrient budgets and their control in coastal tundra.  Pp. 458-482 In An Arctic Ecosystem:  The Coastal Tundra at Barrow, Alaska (J. Brown, P. Miller, L. Tieszen, and F. Bunnell eds.).  Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg.

24. Chapin, F.S., III, L.L. Tieszen, M. Lewis, P.C. Miller, and B.H. McCown.  l980.  Control of tundra plant allocation patterns and growth.  Pp. l40-l85 In An Arctic Ecosystem:  The Coastal Tundra at Barrow, Alaska  (J. Brown, P. Miller, L. Tieszen, and F. Bunnell eds.).  Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg.

25. Shaver, G.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  l980.  Response to fertilization by various plant growth forms in an Alaskan tundra:  Nutrient accumulation and growth.  Ecology 6l:662-675.

26. Webber, P.J., P.C. Miller, F.S. Chapin, III, and B.H. McCown. l980.  The vegetation:  Pattern and succession.  Pp. l86-2l8 In An Arctic Tundra Ecosystem:  The Coastal Tundra at Barrow, Alaska (J. Brown, P. C. Miller, L. L. Tieszen, and F. Bunnell eds.).  Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg.

27. Bloom, A.J., and F.S. Chapin, III.  l98l.  Differences in steady-state net ammonium and nitrate influx by cold and warm-adapted barley varieties.  Plant Physiol.  68:l064-l067.

28. Chapin, F.S., III.  l98l.  Field measurements of growth and phosphate absorption in Carex aquatilis along a latitudinal gradient.  Arct. Alp. Res. l3:83-94

29. Chapin, F.S., III, and M.C. Chapin.  l98l.  Ecotypic differentiation of growth processes in Carex aquatilis along latitudinal and local gradients.  Ecology 62:l000-l009.

30. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  l98l.  Changes in soil properties and vegetation following disturbance in Alaskan arctic tundra.  J. Appl. Ecol.  l8:605-6l7. 

31. Chapin, F.S. III, and K. Van Cleve.  l98l.  Plant nutrient absorption and retention under differing fire regimes.  Pp. 30l-32l In Fire Regimes and Ecosystem Processes (H. A. Mooney, T. M. Bonnickson, N. L. Christensen, J. E. Lotan, and W. A. Reiners, eds.).  USDA Forest Service, General Technical Rept. WO-26, Washington, DC.

32. Dowding, P., F.S. Chapin, III, F.E. Wielgolaski, and P. Kilfeather.  l98l.  Nutrients in tundra ecosystems.  Pp. 647-683 In Tundra Ecosystems:  A Comparative Analysis (L.C. Bliss, O.W. Heal, J.J. Moore, eds.).  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

33. Tieszen, L.L., P.C. Miller, M.C. Lewis, J. Mayo, F.S. Chapin, III, and W.C. Oechel.  l98l.  An analysis  of processes of primary production in tundra growth forms.  Pp.  285-356 In Tundra Ecosystems:  A Comparative Analysis.  (L.C. Bliss, O. W. Heal, J. J. Moore eds.).  Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

34. Chapin, F.S., III, and R.L. Bieleski.  l982.  Mild phosphorus stress in barley and a related low-phosphorus-adapted barley grass:  Phosphorus fractions and phosphate absorption relation to growth. Physiol. Plant. 54:309-3l7.

35. Chapin, F.S., III, J. Follett, and K.F. O'Connor.  l982.  Growth, phosphate absorption, and phosphorus chemical fractions in two Chionochloa species.  J. Ecol. 70:305-32l.

36. Chapin, F.S., III, and P.R. Tryon.  l982.  Phosphate absorption and root respiration of different plant growth forms from northern Alaska.  Holarct. Ecol. 5:l64-l7l.

37. Bryant, J.P., F.S. Chapin, III, and D.R. Klein.  1983.  Carbon/nutrient balance of boreal plants in relation to herbivory.  Oikos 40:357-368. 

38. Chapin, F.S., III.  1983.  Adaptation of selected trees and grasses to low availability of phosphorus.  Plant  Soil 72:283-287.

39. Chapin, F.S., III.  1983.  Direct and indirect effects of temperature on arctic plants.  Polar Biol. 2:47-52.

40. Chapin, F.S., III.  1983.  Nitrogen and phosphorus nutrition and nutrient cycling by evergreen and deciduous understory shrubs in an Alaskan black spruce forest.  Can. J. For. Res. 13:773-781. 

41. Chapin, F.S., III.  1983.  Patterns of nutrient absorption and use by plants from natural and man-modified environments.  Pp. 175-187.  In Disturbance and ecosystems.  Components of response.  (H.A. Mooney and M. Godron, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 

42. Chapin, F.S., III, and R.A. Kedrowski.  1983.  Seasonal changes in nitrogen and phosphorus fractions and autumn retranslocation in evergreen and deciduous taiga trees.  Ecology 64:376-391. 

43. Chapin, F.S., III, and Oechel, W.  1983.  Photosynthesis, respiration, and phosphate uptake by Carex aquatilis ecotypes along latitudinal and local environmental gradients.  Ecology 64:743-751. 

44. Chapin, F.S., III, and P.R. Tryon.  1983.  Habitat and leaf habit as determinants of growth, nutrient absorption, and nutrient use by Alaskan taiga forest species.  Can. J. For. Res. 13:818-826. 

45. Chapin, F.S., K. Van Cleve, and P.R. Tryon.  1983.  Influence of phosphorus on the growth and biomass allocation of Alaskan taiga tree seedlings.  Can. J. For. Res. 13:1092-1098. 

46. Gartner, B.L., F.S. Chapin, III, and G.R. Shaver.  1983.  Demographic patterns of seedling establishment and growth of native graminoids in an Alaskan tundra disturbance.  J. Appl. Ecol. 20:965-980. 

47. Kummerow, J., B.A. Ellis, S. Kummerow, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1983.  Spring growth of shoots and roots in shrubs of an Alaskan muskeg.  Amer. J. Bot. 70:1509-1515. 

48. Shaver, G.R., B.L. Gartner, F.S. Chapin, III, and A.E. Linkins.  1983.  Revegetation of arctic disturbed sites by native tundra plants.  Pp. 1133-1138.  In Permafrost:  Fourth International Conference, Proceedings.  National Academy Press, Washington. 

49. Tryon, P.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1983.  Temperature control over root growth and root biomass in taiga forest trees.  Can. J. For. Res. 13:827-833. 

50. Van Cleve, K., C.T. Dyrness, L.A. Viereck, J. Fox, F.S. Chapin, III, and W. Oechel.  1983.  Taiga ecosystems in interior Alaska.  BioScience 33:39-44. 

51. Chapin, F.S., III.  1984.  The impact of increased air temperature on tundra plant communities.  Pp. 143-148.  In The potential effects of carbon dioxide-induced climatic changes in Alaska.  (J.H. McBeath, ed.).  School of Agriculture and Land Resources Management.  University of Alaska, Fairbanks. 

52. Miller, P.C., P.M. Miller, M. Blake-Jacobson, F.S. Chapin, III, K.R. Everett, D.W. Hilbert, J. Kummerow, A.E. Linkins, G.M. Marion, W.C. Oechel, S.W. Roberts, and L. Stuart.  1984.  Plant-soil processes in Eriophorum vaginatum tussock tundra in Alaska:  a systems modeling approach.  Ecol. Monogr. 54:361-405.

53. Shaver, G.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1984.  Limiting factors for plant growth in northern ecosystems.  Pp. 53-60.  In Future directions for ecological research in Nouveau-Quebec (T.R. Moore, ed.).  McGill Subarctic Research Paper No. 39.  McGill University, Montreal.

54. Bloom, A.J., F.S. Chapin, III, and H.A. Mooney.  1985.  Resource limitation in plants - an economic analogy.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 16:363-392.

55. Bryant, J.P., F. S. Chapin, III, P. Reichardt, and T. Clausen.  1985.  Adaptation to resource availability as a determinant of chemical defense strategies in woody plants.  Pp. 219-237 In Chemically mediated interactions between plants and other organisms (G.A. Cooper-Driver, T. Swain and E.E. Conn, eds.)  Plenum Press.

56. Chapin, F.S., III, J.P. Bryant, and J.F. Fox.  1985.  Lack of induced chemical defense in juvenile Alaskan woody plants in response to simulated browsing.  Oecologia (Berl.) 67:457-459.

57. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  1985.  Individualistic growth response of tundra plant species to manipulation of light, temperature, and nutrients in a field experiment.  Ecology 66:564-576.

58. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  1985.  Arctic.  Pages 16-40 In Physiological Ecology of North American Plant Communities (B.F. Chabot and H.A. Mooney, eds.).  Chapman and Hall, New York.

59. Coley, P.D., J.P. Bryant, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1985.  Resource availability and plant anti-herbivore defense.  Science. 230:895-899.

60. Jonasson, S., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1985.  Significance of sequential leaf development for nutrient balance of the cotton sedge, Eriophorum vaginatum  L.  Oecologia (Berl.) 67:511-518. 

61. Mark, A.F., N. Fetcher, G.R. Shaver, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1985.  Estimated ages of mature tussocks of cotton sedge, Eriophorum vaginatum along a latitudinal gradient in central Alaska.  Arct. Alp. Res. 17:1-5.

62. McNaughton, S.J., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1985.  Effects of phosphorus nutrition and defoliation on C4 graminoids from the Serengeti Plains.  Ecology 66:1617-1629.

63. Bryant, J.P., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1986.  Browsing-woody plant interactions during boreal forest plant succession.  Pp. 213-225 In Forest ecosystems in the Alaskan taiga.  A synthesis of structure and function (K. Van Cleve, F.S. Chapin, III, P.W. Flanagan, L.A. Viereck and C.T. Dyrness, eds.).  Springer-Verlag,  New York.

64. Chapin, F.S., III.  1986.  Controls over growth and nutrient use by taiga forest trees.  Pp. 96-111 In Forest ecosystems in the Alaskan taiga.  A synthesis of structure and function (K. Van Cleve, F.S. Chapin, III, P.W. Flanagan, L.A. Viereck and C.T. Dyrness, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, New York.

65. Chapin, F.S., III, J.D. McKendrick, and D.A. Johnson.  1986.  Seasonal changes in carbon fractions in Alaskan tundra plants of differing growth form:  Implications for herbivores.  J. Ecol. 74:707-731.

66. Chapin, F.S., III, G.R. Shaver, and R.A. Kedrowski.  1986.  Environmental controls over carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus chemical fractions in Eriophorum vaginatum L. in Alaskan tussock tundra.  J. Ecol.  74:167-195. 

67. Chapin, F.S., III, K. Van Cleve, and P.R. Tryon.  1986.  Relationship of ion absorption to growth rate in taiga trees.  Oecologia 69:238-242.

68. Chapin, F.S., III, P.M. Vitousek, and K. Van Cleve.  1986.  The nature of nutrient limitation in plant communities.  Am. Nat.  127:48-58. 

69. Gartner, B.L., F.S. Chapin, III, and G.R. Shaver.  1986.  Reproduction of Eriophorum vaginatum by seed in Alaskan tussock tundra.  J. Ecol. 74:1-18.

70. Jonasson, S., J.P. Bryant, F.S. Chapin, III, and M. Andersson.  1986.  Plant phenols and nutrients in relation to variations in climate and rodent grazing.  Am. Nat. 128:394-408.

71. Shaver, G.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1986.  Effect of fertilizer on production and biomass of tussock tundra, Alaska, U.S.A.  Arct. Alp. Res. 18:261-268.

72. Shaver, G.R., F.S. Chapin, III, and B.L. Gartner.  1986.  Factors limiting seasonal growth and peak biomass accumulation in Eriophorum vaginatum in Alaskan tussock tundra.  J. Ecol. 74:257-278. 

73. Shaver, G.R., N. Fetcher, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1986.  Growth and flowering in Eriophorum vaginatum:  Annual and latitudinal variation.  Ecology 67:1524-1535.

74. Walker, L.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1986.  Physiological controls over seedling growth in primary succession on an Alaskan flood plain.  Ecology 67:1508-1523.

75. Walker, L.R., J.C. Zasada, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1986.  The role of life history processes in primary succession on an Alaskan floodplain.  Ecology 67:1243-1253.

76. Bryant, J.P., F.S. Chapin, III, P.B. Reichardt, and T.P. Clausen.  1987.  Response of winter chemical defenese in Alaska paper birch and green alder to manipulation of plant carbon/nutrient balance.  Oecologia (Berl.) 72:510-514.

77. Bryant, J.P., F.S. Chapin, III, P.B. Reichardt, and T.P. Clausen.  1987.  Effect of resource availability upon the woody plant-mammal interaction.  Pp. 3-8 In Proceedings-Symposium on Plant-Herbivore Interactions (F.D. Provenza, J.T. Flinder and E.D. McArthur, eds.).  U.S. Forest Service, Ogden, Utah.

78. Cargill, S. and F.S. Chapin, III.  1987.  Application of successional theory to problems of ecosystem restoration in arctic tundra.  Arct. Alp. Res. 19:366-372.

79. Chapin, F.S., III.  1987.  Environmental controls over growth of tundra plants.  Ecol. Bull. 38:69-76.

80. Chapin, F.S., III.  1987.  Adaptations and physiological responses of wild plants to nutrient stress.  Pp. 15-25 In Genetic aspects of plant mineral nutrition (H.W. Gabelman and B.C. Loughman, eds.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

81. Chapin, F.S., III, A.J. Bloom, C. Field, and R.H. Waring.  1987.  Interaction of environmental factors in the control of plant growth.  BioScience 37:49-57.

82. Chapin, F.S., III, W.C. Oechel, K. Van Cleve, and W. Lawrence.  1987.  The role of mosses in the phosphorus cycling of an Alaskan black spruce forest.  Oecologia (Berl.) 74:310-315.

83. Schulze, E.-D. and F.S. Chapin, III.  1987. Plant specialization to environments of different resource availability.  Pp. 120-148.  In Potentials and limitations in ecosystem analysis (E.-D. Schulze and H. Zwolfer, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

84. Tuomi, J., P. Niemala, F.S. Chapin, III, J.P. Bryant, and S. Siren. 1987.  Defensive responses of trees in relation to their carbon/nutrient balance.  Pp. 55-70. In Mechanisms of woody plant defenses against insects:  search for pattern.  (W.J. Mattson, J. Levieux and C. Bernard-Dagan, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, New York.    

85. Walker, L.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1987.  Interactions among processes controlling successional change.  Oikos 50:131-135.

86. Chapin, F.S., III.  1988.  Ecological aspects of plant mineral nutrition.  Adv. Mineral Nutrition 3:161-191.

87. Chapin, F.S., III, D.T. Clarkson, J.R. Lenton, and C.H.S. Walter.  1988.  Effect of nitrogren stress and abscisic acid on nitrate absorption and transport in barley and tomato.  Planta 173:340-351.

88. Chapin, F.S., III, N. Fetcher, K. Kielland, K.R. Everett, and A.E. Linkins.  1988.  Productivity and nutrient cycling of Alaskan tundra:  enchancement by flowing soil water.  Ecology 69:693-702.

89. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  1988.  Differences in carbon and nutrient fractions among arctic growth forms.  Oecologia (Berl.) 77:506-514

90. Chapin, F.S., III, C.H.S. Walter, and D.T. Clarkson.  1988.  Growth response of barley and tomato to nitrogen stress and its control by abscisic acid, water relations and photosynthesis.  Planta 173:352-366.

91. Chapin, F.S., III, and I.F. Wardlaw.  1988.  Effect of phosphorus deficiency on source-sink interactions between the flag leaf and developing grain in barley.  J. Exp. Bot. 39:165-177.

92. DeFoliart, L.S., M. Griffith, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1988.  Seasonal patterns of photosynthesis and nutrient storage in Eriophorum vaginatum L., an arctic sedge.  Functional Ecology 2:185-194.

93. Bishop, S.C., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1989.  Establishment of Salix alaxensis on a gravel pad in arctic Alaska. J. Appl. Ecol. 26:575-583.

94. Bishop, S.C., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1989.  Patterns of natural revegetation on abandoned gravel pads in arctic Alaska.  J. Appl. Ecol. 26:1073-1081.

95. Chapin, F.S., III.  1989.  The cost of tundra plant structures: evaluation of concepts and currencies.  Am. Nat. 133:1-19.

96. Chapin, F.S., III, R.H. Groves, and L.T. Evans.  1989.  Response of growth, photosynthesis, and phosphate absorption to phosphorus stress in wild, weedy, and cultivated Hordeum species.  Oecologia (Berl.).  79:96-105.

97. Chapin, F.S., III, J.B. McGraw, and G.R. Shaver.  1989.  Competition causes regular spacing of alder in Alaskan shrub tundra.  Oecolgia (Berl.) 79:412-416.

98. Chapin, F.S., III, and S.J. McNaughton.  1989.  Lack of compensatory growth under phosphorus stress in grazing-adapted grasses from the Serengeti Plains.  Oecologia (Berl.). 79:551-557.

99. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  1989.  Lack of latitudinal variations in graminoid storage reserves.  Ecology 70:269-272.

100. Chapin, F.S., III, and G.R. Shaver.  1989.  Differences in growth and nutrient use among arctic plant growth forms.  Funct. Ecol. 3:73-80.

101. Chapin, F.S., III, and K. Van Cleve.  1989.  Approaches to studying nutrient uptake, use and loss in plants. Pages 185-207.  In Plant physiological ecology.  Field methods and instrumentation. (R.W. Pearcy, J. Ehleringer, H.A. Mooney, and P.W. Rundel, eds.).  Chapman and Hall, London.

102. Mark, A.F., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1989.  Seasonal control over allocation to reproduction in a tussock-forming and a rhizomatous species of Eriophorum in central Alaska.  Oecologia 78:27-34.

103. McGraw, J.B., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1989.  Competitive ability and adaptation to fertile and infertile soils in two Eriophorum species.  Ecology 70:736-749.

104. Chapin, F.S., III.  1990.  Effects of nutrient deficiency on plant growth:  evidence for a centralized stress-response system.  British Plant Growth Regulator Group, Monograph 21:135-148.

105. Chapin, F.S., III, E.-D. Schulze, and H.A. Mooney.  1990. The ecology and economics of storage in plants.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 21:423-447.

106. Chapin, F.S., III, and L.R. Walker.  1990.  The importance of Glacier Bay to tests of current theories of plant succession.  Pages 136-139.  In Proceedings of Second Glacier Bay Science Symposium (A.M. Milner and J.D. Wood, Jr., eds).  National Park Service, Anchorage.

107. Chapin, F.S., III.  1991.  Effects of multiple environmental stresses on nutrient availability and use by plants.  Pages 67-88.  In Response of plants to multiple stresses.  (H.A. Mooney, W.E. Winner and E.J. Pell, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.

108. Chapin, F.S., III.  1991.  Integrated responses of plants to stress: A centralized system of physiological responses.  BioScience 41:29-36.

109. Chapin, F.S., III, and L. Moilanen.  1991. Nutritional controls over nitrogen and phosphorus resorption from Alaskan birch leaves.  Ecology 72:709-715.

110. Jonasson, S. and F.S. Chapin, III.  1991.  Seasonal uptake and allocation of phosphorus in Eriophorum vaginatum L., measured by labelling with 32P.  New Phytologist 118:349-357.

111. Koch, G.W., A.J. Bloom, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1991.  Ammonium and nitrate as nitrogen sources in two Eriophorum species.  Oecologia 88:570-573.

112. Reichardt, P.B., J.P. Bryant, B.R. Mattes, T.P. Clausen, F.S. Chapin, III, and M. Meyer.  1991.  The winter chemical defense of Alaskan poplar against snowshoe hares.  J. Chem. Ecol. 16:1941.

113. Reichardt, P.B., F.S. Chapin, III, J.P. Bryant, B.R. Mattes, and T.P. Clausen.  1991.  Carbon/nutrient balance as a predictor of plant defense in Alaskan balsam poplar: potential importance of metabolite turnover.  Oecologia 88:401-406.

114. Shaver, G.R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1991.  Production: biomass relationships and element cycling in contrasting arctic vegetation types.  Ecol. Monogr. 61:1-31.

115. Van Cleve, K., F.S. Chapin, III, C.T. Dyrness, and L.A. Viereck.  1991.  State factor control of element cycling in Alaskan taiga forests.  BioScience 41:78-88.

116. Chapin, F.S., III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver, and J. Svoboda.  1992.  Arctic plant physiological ecology in an ecosystem context.  Pages 441-451.  In Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate (F.S. Chapin, III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver and J. Svoboda, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.

117. Chapin, F.S., III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver and J. Svoboda.  1992.  Arctic plant physiological ecology: a challenge for the future.  Pages 3-8.  In Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate (F.S. Chapin, III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver and J. Svoboda, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.  

118. Field, C.B., F.S. Chapin, III, P.A. Matson, and H.A. Mooney.  1992.  Responses of terrestrial ecosystems to the changing atmosphere: a resource-based approach.  Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 23:201-235.

119. Kielland, K., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1992.  Nutrient absorption and accumulation in arctic plants: implications for climate change.  Pages 321-335.  In Arctic ecosystems in a changing climate (F.S. Chapin, III, R.L. Jefferies, J.F. Reynolds, G.R. Shaver and J. Svoboda, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.

120. Pugnaire, F.I., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1992.  Environmental and physiological factors governing nutrient resorption efficiency in barley.  Oecologia 90:120-126.  

121. Shaver, G.R., W.D. Billings, F.S. Chapin, III, A.E. Giblin, K.J. Nadelhoffer, W.C. Oechel, and E.B. Rastetter.  1992.  Global change and the carbon balance of arctic ecosystems.  BioScience 42:433-441.

122. Chapin, F.S., III.  1993.  Physiological controls over plant establishment in primary succession.  Pages 161-178 In Primary succession.  (J. Miles and D.W.H. Walton, eds.)  Blackwells, Oxford.

123. Chapin, F.S., III.  1993.  Functional role of growth forms in ecosystem and global processes.  Pages 287-312.  In Scaling physiological processes: leaf to globe. (J.R. Ehleringer and C.B. Field, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.

124. Chapin, F.S., III.  1993.  The evolutionary basis of biogeochemical soil development.  Geoderma 57:223-227.

125. Chapin, F.S., III, K. Autumn, and F. Pugnaire. 1993. Evolution of suites of traits in response to environmental stress. Am Nat. 142:S78-S92

126. Chapin, F.S., III, and E. Matthews.  1993.  Boreal carbon pools: Approaches and constraints in global extrapolations.  Pages 9-20 In Global change and carbon cycling in northern ecosystems (T. Vinson and T. Kolchugina, eds.). EPA, Corvallis.

127. Chapin, F.S., III, L. Moilanen and K. Kielland.  1993.  Preferential use of organic nitrogen for growth by a non-mycorrhizal arctic sedge.  Nature 361:150-153.

128. Chapin, F.S., E. Rincon, and P. Huante. 1993. Environmental responses of plants and ecosystems as predictors of the impact of global change.  J. Biosci. 18:515-524.

129. Chapin, F.S. III, and L.R. Walker.  1993.  Direct and indirect effects of calcium sulfate and nitrogen on growth and succession of taiga floodplain trees.  Can. J. For. Res. 23;995-1000.

130. Dawson, T.E., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1993.  Grouping plants by their form-function characteristics as an avenue for simplification in scaling between leaves and landscapes.  Pages 313-319 In Scaling physiological processes: leaf to globe. (J.R. Ehleringer and C.B. Field, eds.).  Academic Press, San Diego.

131. Hobbie, S.E., D.B. Jensen, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1993.  Resource supply and disturbance as controls over present and future plant diversity.  Pages 385-407 In Ecosystem function of biodiversity (E.-D. Schulze and H.A. Mooney, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

132. Pugnaire, F.I. and F.S. Chapin, III.  1993.  Controls over nutrient resorption from senescing leaves of evergreen Mediterranean species.  Ecology 74:124-129.

133. Torn, M.S. and F.S. Chapin, III.  1993.  Environmental and biotic controls over methane flux from arctic tundra.  Chemosphere 26:357-368.

134. Berg, E.E., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1994.  Needle loss as a mechanism of winter drought avoidance in boreal conifers. Can J. For. Res. 24:1144-1148.

135. Chapin, F.S., III, Walker, L.R., Fastie, C.L., and L.C. Sharman. 1994. Mechanisms of primary succession following deglaciation at Glacier Bay, Alaska. Ecol. Monogr.64:149-175.

136. Kielland, K., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1994. Phosphate uptake in arctic plants in relation to phosphate supply: the role of spatial and temporal variability.  Oikos 70:443-448

137. Momen, B., J.W. Menke, J.M. Welker, K.J. Rice, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1994. Blue oak regeneration and seedling water relations in four sites within a California blue oak savanna.  Int. J. Plant Sci. 155:744-749.

138. National Research Council. 1994. The role of terrestrial ecosystems in global change: a plan for action.  National Academy Press, Washington (Chapin primary author).

139. Schulze, E.-D., F.S. Chapin, III, and G. Gebauer. 1994. Nitrogen nutrition and isotope differences among life forms at the northern treeline of Alaska.  Oecologia 100:406-412.

140. Bonan, G.B., F.S. Chapin, III, and S.L. Thompson. 1995. Boreal forest and tundra ecosystems as components of the climate system. Climatic Change 29:145-167.

141. Chapin, F.S., III. 1995. New cog in the nitrogen cycle. Nature 377: 199-200.

142. Chapin, F.S., III, C.L. Fastie, L.R. Walker, and L.C. Sharman. 1995. Mechanisms of primary succession at Glacier Bay: Implications for present and future vegetation patterns. Pages 96-100 In D.R. Engstrom, ed.  Proc. Third Glacier Bay Science Symp., 1993. National Park Service, Anchorage.

143. Chapin, F.S., S.E. Hobbie, M.S. Bret-Harte, and G. Bonan. 1995. Causes and consequences of functional diversity in arctic ecosystems. Pages 225-237 In: F.S. Chapin, III, and Ch. Korner, eds. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

144. Chapin, F.S., III, and Ch. Korner. 1995. Patterns, causes, changes and consequences of biodiversity in arctic and alpine ecosystems.  Pages 313-320 In: F.S. Chapin, III, and Ch. Kˆrner, eds. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

145. Chapin, F.S., III, and Ch. Kˆrner.  1995.  Arctic and alpine ecosystems.  Pages 335-339 In: Global Biodiversity Assessment.  UNEP. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

146. Chapin, F.S., III, J. Lubchenco, and H.L. Reynolds. 1995. Biodiversity effects on patterns and processes of communities and ecosystems.  Pages 289-301 In: Global Biodiversity Assessment. UNEP. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

147. Chapin, F.S., III, G.R.Shaver, A.E. Giblin, K.G. Nadelhoffer, and J.A. Laundre. 1995. Responses of arctic tundra to experimental and observed changes in climate.  Ecology 76:694-711.

148. Field, C.B. F.S. Chapin, III, N.R. Chiariello, E.A. Holland, and H.A. Mooney. 1996. The Jasper Ridge CO2 experiment: Design and motivation. Pages 121-145 In G.W. Koch and H.A. Mooney, eds. Carbon dioxide and terrestrial ecosystems. Academic Press, San Diego.

149. Hobbie, J.E., L.A. Deegan, B.J. Peterson, E.B. Rastetter, G.R. Shaver, G.W.Kling, W.J. O'Brien, F.S. Chapin, III, M.C. Miller, G.W. Kipphut, W.B. Bowden, A.E. Hershey, and M.E. McDonald. 1995. Long-term measurements at the arctic LTER site. Pages 391-409 In T. M. Powell and J. H. Steele and , eds. Ecological time series. Chapman and Hall, New York.

150. Huante, P., E. Rincon, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1995. Responses to phosphorus of contrasting successional tree-seedling species from the tropical deciduous forest of Mexico.  Functional Ecology 9:760-766.

151. Robles, M., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1995. Comparison of the influence of two exotic species on ecosystem processes in the Berkeley hills. MadroÒo 42:349-357.

152. Sharman, L.C., A.M. Milner, F. S. Chapin, III, and D.R. Engstrum. 1995. Qualitative successional models in Glacier Bay: A comparison of terrestrial, marine, stream, and lake systems. Pages 190-195 In D.R. Engstrom, ed.  Proc. Third Glacier Bay Science Symp., 1993. National Park Service, Anchorage.

153. Shaver, G.R., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1995. Long-term responses to factorial, NPK fertilizer treatment by Alaskan wet and moist tundra sedge species. Ecography 18:259-275.

154. Weller, G., F.S. Chapin, III, K.R. Everett, J.E. Hobbie, D. Kane, W.C. Oechel, C.L. Ping, W.S. Reeburgh, D. Walker, and J. Walsh. 1995. The arctic flux study: a regional view of trace gas release. Journal of Biogeography 22:365-374

155. Young, O.R., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1995. Anthropogenic impacts on biodiversity in the Arctic. Pages 183-196 In: F. S. Chapin, III, and Ch. Kˆrner, eds. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

156. Zimov, S.A., V.I. Chuprynin, A.P. Oreshko, F.S. Chapin, III, M.C. Chapin, and J.F. Reynolds.  1995. Effects of mammals on ecosystem change at the Pleistocene-Holocene boundary.  Pages 127-135 In: F. S. Chapin, III, and Ch. Kˆrner, eds. Arctic and Alpine Biodiversity: Patterns, Causes and Ecosystem Consequences. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

157. Zimov, S.A., V.I. Chuprynin, A.P. Oreshko, F.S. Chapin, III, J.F. Reynolds, M.C. Chapin.  1995.  Steppe-tundra transition: an herbivore-driven biome shift at the end of the Pleistocene.  Am. Nat. 146:765-794.

158. Bassirirad, H., D.T. Tissue, J.F. Reynolds, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Response of Eriophorum vaginatum to CO2 enrichment at different soil temperatures: effects on growth, root respiration and PO43- uptake kinetics. New Phyol. 133:423-430.

159. Chapin, F. S., III, M.S. Bret-Harte, S.E. Hobbie, and H. Zhong. 1996. Plant functional types as predictors of the transient response of arctic vegetation to global change.  J. Veg. Sci. 7:347-358.

160. Chapin, F.S., III, S. Diaz, M. Howden, J. Puigdefabregas, M. Stafford Smith, T. Benning, F. Bryant, B. Campbell, J. duToit, K. Galvin, E. Holland, L. Joyce, A.K. Knapp, P. Matson, R. Miller, D. Ojima, W. Polley, T. Seastedt, A. Suarez, T. Svejcar, and C. Wessman. 1996. Rangelands in a changing climate: impacts, adaptations and mitigation. In: R.T. Watson, M.C. Zinyowera, and R.G. Moss (eds.) Climatic Change 1995. Impacts, adaptations and mitigation of climate change: Scientific-Technical analyses. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

161. Chapin, F.S., III, and Ch. Kˆrner. 1996. Arctic and alpine biodiversity: Its patterns, causes, and ecosystem consequences. Pages 7-32 In H.A. Mooney, J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O.E. Sala, and E.-D. Schulze, eds. Functional roles of biodiversity: a global perspective. Wiley, New York.

162. Chapin, F.S., III, H. L. Reynolds, C. M. D'Antonio, and V. M. Eckhart.  1996. The functional role of species in terrestrial ecosystems.  Pages 403-428 In B. Walker and W. Steffen, eds. Global change and terrestrial ecosystems. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

163. Chapin, F.S., III and G.R. Shaver. 1996. Physiological and growth responses of arctic plants to a field experiment simulating climatic change.  Ecology 77:822-840.

164. Chapin, F.S., III, M.S. Torn, and M. Tateno. 1996. Principles of ecosystem sustainability.  Am. Nat. 148:1016-1037.

165. Chapin, III, S.A. Zimov, G.R. Shaver, and S.E. Hobbie. 1996. CO2 fluctuation at high latitudes.  Nature 383: 585-586.

166. Hobbie, S.E., and F. S. Chapin, III.  1996. Winter regulation of tundra litter carbon and nitrogen dynamics. Biogeochemistry 35:327-338.

167. Hungate, B.A., J. Canadell, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1996.  Plant species mediate changes in soil microbial N in response to elevated CO2.  Ecology 77:2505-2516.

168. Hungate, B.A., R.B. Jackson, C.B. Field, and F.S. Chapin III.  1996.  Detecting changes in soil carbon in CO2 enrichment experiments. Plant Soil 187:135-145.

169. Reynolds, J.F., J.D. Tenhunen, P.W. Leadley, H. Li, D.L. Moorhead, B.Ostendorf, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Patch and landscape models of arctic tundra: Potentials and limitations.  Pages 295-324 In Landscape function and disturbance in arctic tundra (J.F. Reynolds and J.D. Tenhunen, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

170. Ruohomaki, K., F.S. Chapin, III, E. Haukioja, S. Neuvonen, and J. Suomela. 1996. Delayed inducible resistance in mountain birch in response to fertilization and shade.  Ecology 77:2302-.

171. Schimel, J.P. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Tundra plants compete effectively with soil microbes for amino-acid nitrogen. Ecology 77:2142-2147.

172. Schimel, J.P., K. Kielland, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1996.  Nutrient availability and uptake by tundra plants.  Pages 203-221 In Landscape function and disturbance in arctic tundra (J.F. Reynolds and J. Tenhunen, eds.).  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

173. Starfield, A.M., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. A dynamic model of arctic and boreal vegetation change in response to global changes in climate and land-use.  Ecol. Applica. 6:842-864.

174. Zimov, S.A., S.P. Davidov, Y.V. Voropaev, S.F. Prosiannikov, I.P. Semiletov, M.C. Chapin, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1996. Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2. Climatic Change 33:111-120

175. Chapin, F.S., III, S.E. Hobbie, and G.R. Shaver. 1997. Impacts of global change on composition of arctic communities: Implications for ecosystem functioning. Pages 221-228 In Global change and arctic terrestrial ecosystems. W.C. Oechel, T. Callaghan, T. Gilmanov, J.I. Holten, B. Maxwell, U. Molau, and B. Sveinbjornsson (eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

176. Chapin, F. S., III, J. P. McFadden, and S.E. Hobbie. 1997. The role of arctic vegetation in ecosystem and global processes. Pages 97-112 In Ecology of arctic environments. (S. J. Woodin and M. Marquiss, eds.) Blackwell Science, Oxford.

177. Chapin, F.S., III and A.M. Starfield. 1997. Time lags and novel ecosystems in response to transient climatic change in arctic Alaska. Climatic Change 35:449-461.

178. Chapin, F.S., III, B.H. Walker, R.J. Hobbs, D.U. Hooper, J.H. Lawton, O.E. Sala, and D. Tilman. 1997. Biotic control over the functioning of ecosystems. Science 277:500-504.

179. Eckhart, V. M. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1997. Nutrient sensitivity of the cost of male function in gynodioecious Phacelia linearis (Hydrophyllaceae). Am. J. Bot.

180. Eugster, W., J.P. McFadden, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1997. A comparative approach to regional variation in surface fluxes using mobile eddy correlation towers. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 85:293-307.

181. Eviner, V.T., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1997. Plant-microbial interactions. Nature 385:26-27.

182. Franck, V.M., B.A. Hungate, F.S. Chapin III, and C. B. Field. 1997.  Decomposition of litter produced under elevated CO2: dependence on plant species and nutrient supply. Biogeochemistry 36: 223-237.

183. Hungate, B.A., F.S. Chapin III, H. Zhong, E.A. Holland, and C.B. Field. 1997. Stimulation of grassland nitrogen cycling under carbon dioxide enrichment.  Oecologia 109:149-153.

184. Hungate, B.A., E.A. Holland, R.B. Jackson, F.S. Chapin III, H.A. Mooney, and C.B. Field. 1997. The fate of carbon in grasslands under carbon dioxide enrichment. Nature 388:576-579.

185. Hungate, B.A., C.P. Lund, H.L. Pearson, and F.S. Chapin III. 1997.  Elevated CO2 and nutrient addition alter soil N cycling and N trace gas fluxes with early season wet-up in a California annual grassland.  Biogeochemistry 37:89-109.

186. Leadley, P.W., J.F. Reynolds, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1997. A model of ammonium, nitrate, and glycine uptake by Eriophorum vaginatum roots in the field: ecological implications. Ecol. Monogr. 67:1-22.

187. Leiva, M.J., F.S. Chapin, III, and R. Fernandez Ales. 1997.  Differences in species composition and diversity among Mediterranean grasslands with different history--the case of California and Spain.  Ecography 20: 97-106

188. McKane, R.B., E. B. Rastetter, G.R. Shaver, K.J. Nadelhoffer, A.E. Giblin, J.A. Laundre, and F. S. Chapin, III. 1997. Climatic effects on tundra carbon storage inferred from experimental data and a model. Ecology 78:1170-1187.

189. McKane, R.B., E. B. Rastetter, G.R. Shaver, K.J. Nadelhoffer, A.E. Giblin, J.A. Laundre, and F. S. Chapin, III. 1997. Reconstruction and analysis of historical changes in carbon storage in arctic tundra. Ecology 78:1188-1198.

190. Reynolds, H.L., B.A. Hungate, F.S. Chapin, III, and C.M. D'Antonio. 1997. Soil heterogeneity and plant competition in an annual grassland. Ecology 78:2076-2090.

191. Tateno, M. and F. S. Chapin, III. 1997. The logic of carbon and nitrogen interactions in terrestrial ecosystems.  Am. Nat. 149:723-744.

192. Zimov, S.A., Y.V. Voropaev, I.P. Semiletov, S.P. Davidov, S.F. Prosiannikov, F.S. Chapin, III, M.C. Chapin, S. Trumbore, and S. Tyler. 1997. North Siberian lakes: a methane source fueled by Pleistocene carbon. Science 277:800-802.

193. Chapin, F.S., III, O.E. Sala, I.C. Burke, J.P. Grime, D.U. Hooper, W.K. Lauenroth, A. Lombard, H.A. Mooney, A.R. Mosier, S. Naeem, S.W. Pacala, J. Roy, W.L. Steffen, and D. Tilman. 1998. Ecosystem consequences of changing biodiversity. BioScience 48:45-52.

194. Chapin, F.S., III and G. Whiteman. 1998. Sustainable development of the boreal forest: interaction of ecological, social and consumer feedbacks. Conservation Ecology 2:12.

195. Craine, J.M., D.A. Wedin, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1998.  Predominance of ecophysiological over environmental controls over CO2 flux in a Minnesota grassland. Plant and Soil 207:77-86.

196. Hobbie, S.E. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1998. The response of tundra plant biomass, aboveground production, nitrogen, and CO2 flux to experimental warming.  Ecology 79:1526-1544.

197. Hobbie, S.E. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1998. An experimental test of limits to tree establishment in arctic tundra.  J. Ecol. 86:449-461.           

198. Huante, P., E. RincÛn, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1998.  Effect of changing light availability on nutrient foraging in tropical deciduous tree-seedlings. Oikos 82:449-458.

199. Huante, P., E. RincÛn, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1998.  Foraging for nutrients, responses to light and competition in tropical deciduous tree-seedlings.  Oecologia 117:209-216.

200. McFadden, J.P., F.S. Chapin, III, and D.Y. Hollinger. 1998.  Subgrid-scale variability in the surface energy balance of arctic tundra. J. Geophys. Res. 103:28,947-28,961.

201. Verville, J.H., S.E. Hobbie, F.S. Chapin, III, and D.U. Hooper. 1998.  Response of tundra CH4 and CO2 flux to manipulation of temperature and vegetation.  Biogeochemistry 41:215-235.

202. Walker, D.A., N.A. Auerbach, J.G. Bockheim, F.S. Chapin, III, W. Eugster, J.Y. King, J.P. McFadden, G.J.Michaelson, F.E. Nelson, W.C. Oechel, C.L. Ping, W.S. Reeburgh, S. Regli, N.I. Shiklomanov, and G.L. Vourlitis. 1998. Energy and trace-gas fluxes across a soil pH boundary in the Arctic. Nature 394:469-472.

203. Grogan, P. and F.S. Chapin, III. 1999. Arctic soil respiration: effects of climate and vegetation depend on season.  Ecosystems 2:451-459.

204. Hobbie, S.E., A. Shevtsova, and F.S. Chapin, III. 1999. Plant responses to species removal and experimental warming in Alaskan tussock tundra. Oikos 84:417-434.

205. Hu, S., M.K. Firestone, and F.S. Chapin, III.  1999. Soil microbial feedbacks to atmospheric CO2 enrichment.  Trends Ecol. Evolu. 14:433-437.

206. Lynch, A.H., G.B. Bonan, F.S. Chapin, III, W. Wu. 1999. The impact of tundra ecosystems on the surface energy budget and climate of Alaska.  J. Geophys. Res. 104:6647-6660

207. Lynch, A.H., F.S. Chapin, III, L.D. Hinzman, W. Wu, E. Lilly, G. Vourlitis, and E. Kim. 1999. Surface energy balance on the arctic tundra: measurements and models. J. Climate 12: 2585-2606.

208. Mooney, H.A., J. Canadell, F.S. Chapin, III, J.R. Ehleringer, Ch. Kˆrner, R.E. McMurtrie, W.J. Parton, L.F. Pitelka, E.-D. Schulze. 1999. Ecosystem physiology responses to global change.  Pages 141-189 In:  The terrestrial biosphere and global change: Implications for natural and managed ecosystems (B. Walker, W. Steffen, J. Canadell, and J. Ingram, eds). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

209. Naeem, S., F.S. Chapin, III, R. Costanza, P.R. Ehrlich, F.B. Golley, D.U. Hooper, J. H. Lawton, R.V. OíNeill, H.A. Mooney, O.E. Sala, A.J. Symstand, and D. Tilman.  1999. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: maintaining natural life support processes. Issues in Ecology 4:1-12.

210. Sala, O.E., F.S. Chapin, III, R.H. Gardner, W.K. Lauenroth, H.A. Mooney, and P.S. Ramakrishnan. 1999. Global change, biodiversity and ecological complexity. Pages 304-328 In:  The terrestrial biosphere and global change: Implications for natural and managed ecosystems (B. Walker, W. Steffen, J. Canadell, and J. Ingram, eds). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

211. Schulze, E.-D., Scholes, R.J., J.R. Ehlringer, L.A. Hunt, J. Canadell, F.S. Chapin, III, and W.L. Steffen. 1999. The study of ecosystems in the context of global change.  Pages 19-44 In:  The terrestrial biosphere and global change: Implications for natural and managed ecosystems (B. Walker, W. Steffen, J. Canadell, and J. Ingram, eds). Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.

212. Vavrek, M.C., N. Fetcher, J.B. McGraw, G.R. Shaver, F.S. Chapin, III,  and B.Bovard. 1999. Recovery of productivity and species diversity in tussock tundra following disturbance.  Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 31.:254-258.

213. Zimov, S.A., S.P. Davidov, G.M.Zimova, A.I. Davidova, F.S. Chapin, III, M.C. Chapin, and J.F. Reynolds. 1999. Contribution of disturbance to high-latitude amplification of atmospheric CO2. Science 284: 1973-1976.

214. Aerts, R., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: a re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Adv. Ecol. Res. 30:1-67.

215. Cater, T.C., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. Differential species effects on boreal tree seedling establishment after fire: resource competition or modification of microenvironment.  Ecology 81:1086-1099.

216. Chapin, F.S., III, W. Eugster, J.P. McFadden, A.H. Lynch, and D.A. Walker.  2000. Summer differences among arctic ecosystems in regional climate forcing. J. Climate 13:2002-2010.

217. Chapin, F.S., III, A.D. McGuire, J. Randerson, R. Pielke, Sr., D. Baldocchi, S.E. Hobbie, N. Roulet, W. Eugster, E. Kasischke, E.B. Rastetter, S.A. Zimov, and S.W. Running. 2000. Arctic and boreal ecosystems of western North America as components of the climate system.  Global Change Biology 6(Suppl. 1): 211-223.

218. Chapin, F.S., III, E.S. Zaveleta, V.T. Eviner, R.L. Naylor, P.M. Vitousek, S. Lavorel, H.L. Reynolds, D.U. Hooper, O.E. Sala, S.E. Hobbie, M.C. Mack, and S. Diaz. 2000. Consequences of changing biotic diversity. Nature 405: 234-242.

219. Epstein, H.E., M.D. Walker, F.S. Chapin, III, and A.M. Starfield. 2000. A transient, nutrient-based model of arctic plant community response to climatic warming.  Ecological Applications 10:824-841.

220. Eugster, W., W.R. Rouse, R. Pielke, J.P. McFadden, D.D. Baldocchi, T.G.F. Kittel, F.S. Chapin, III, G. Liston, P.L. Vidale, E. Vaganov, and S. Chambers. 2000. Land-atmosphere energy exchange in arctic tundra and boreal forest: available data and feedbacks to climate. Global Change Biol. 6(Suppl. 1): 84-115.

221. Eviner, V.T., F.S. Chapin, III and C. Vaughn. 2000. Nutrient manipulations in terrestrial ecosystems.  Pages 291-307 In: O.E. Sala, R.B. Jackson, H.A. Mooney, and R.W. Howarth, Eds.  Methods in Ecosystem Science.  Springer-Verlag, New York.

222. Fleming, M., F.S. Chapin, III, W. Cramer, G. Hufford, and M.C. Serreze. 2000. Geographic patterns and dynamics of Alaskan climate interpolated from a sparse station record. Global Change Biol. 6(Suppl. 1): 49-58.

223. Grogan, P. T.D. Bruns, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. Fire effects on ecosystem nitrogen cycling in a Californian Bishop Pine forest. Oecologia 122:537-544.

224. Grogan, P. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000.  Nitrogen limitation of production in a Californian annual grassland: the contribution of arbuscular mycorrhizae.  Biogeochemistry 49:37-51.

225. Grogan, P. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. Initial effects of experimental warming on above- and belowground components of net ecosystem CO2 exchange in arctic tundra.  Oecologia 125:512-520.

226. Hungate, B. A., C.H. Jaeger, G. Gamara, F.S. Chapin, III, C.B. Field. 2000 Soil microbiota in two annual grasslands: responses to elevated atmospheric CO2. Oecologia 124: 589-598.

227. Kittel, T.G.F., W.L. Steffen, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. Global and regional modeling of arctic-boreal vegetation distribution and its sensitivity to altered forcing.  Global Change Biol. 6(Suppl. 1): 1-18

228. Rupp, T.S., F.S. Chapin, III, and A.M. Starfield.  2000. Response of subarctic vegetation to transient climatic change on the Seward Peninsula in northwest Alaska. Global Change Biology 6: 451-455.

229. Rupp, T.S., A.M. Starfield, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. A frame-based spatially explicit model of subarctic vegetation response to climatic change: comparison with a point model.  Landscape Ecology 15:383-400.

230. Sala, O.E., F.S. Chapin, III, J.J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L.F. Huenneke, R. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. Lodge, H.A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, N.L. Poff, M.T. Sykes, B.H. Walker, M. Walker, and D.H. Wall.  2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100.  Science 287:1770-1776.

231. Serreze, M.C., J.E. Walsh, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Osterkamp, M. Dyurgerov, V. Romanovsky, W. Oechel, F. Morison, T. Zhang, and R.G. Barry. 2000. Observational evidence of recent change in the northern high-latitude environment. Climatic Change. 46:159-207.

232. Shaver, G.R., J. Canadell, F.S. Chapin, III, J. Gurevitch, J. Harte, G. Henry, P. Ineson, S. Jonasson, J. Melillo, L. Pitelka, and L. Rustad.  2000. Global warming and terrestrial ecosystems:  A conceptual framework for analysis.  BioScience 50: 871-882.

233. Williams, M., W. Eugster, E.B. Rastetter, J.P. McFadden, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. The controls on net ecosystem productivity along an arctic transect: A model comparison with flux measurements. Global Change Biology 6(Suppl. 1): 116-126.

234. Beringer, J., A.H. Lynch, F.S. Chapin, III, M. Mack, and G.B. Bonan. 2001. The representation of arctic soils in the Land Surface Model (LSM): The importance of mosses. J. Climate 14:3324-3335.

235. Beringer, J., N.J. Tapper, F.S. Chapin, III, I. McHugh, A.H. Lynch, M. Serreze, and A. Slater. 2001. Impact of arctic treeline on synoptic climate. Geophysical Research Letters 28:4247.

236. Cardon, Z.G., B.A. Hungate, C.A. Cambardella, F.S. Chapin, III, C.B. Field, E.A. Holland, and H.A. Mooney. 2001. Contrasting effects of elevated CO2 on old and new soil carbon pools. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33:365-373.

237. Chapin, F.S., III and K. Danell. 2001. Boreal forest. Pages 101-120 in F.S. Chapin, III, O. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald (eds). Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York.

238. Chapin, F.S., and R.W. Ruess. 2001. The roots of the matter. Nature 411:749-752.

239. Chapin, F.S., III, O. Sala, E. Huber-Sannwald, and R. Leemans. 2001.  The future of biodiversity in a changing world. Pages 1-4 in F.S. Chapin, III, O. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald (eds). Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York.

240. Cornelissen, J. H. C., T.V. Callaghan, J.M. Alatalo, A. Michelsen, E. Graglia, A.E. Hartley, D.S. Hik, S.E. Hobbie, M.C. Press, C.H. Robinson, G.H.R. Henry, G.R. Shaver, G.K. Phoenix, D. Gwynn Jones, S. Jonasson, F.S. Chapin III, U. Molau, C. Neill, J.A. Lee, J.M. Melillo, B. Sveinbjornsson and R. Aerts.  2001.  Global change and arctic ecosystems: Is lichen decline a function of increases in vascular plant biomass? Journal of Ecology 89: 984-994.

241. Craine J.M., Froehle J., Tilman D.G., Wedin D.A., Chapin F.S., III. 2001. The relationships among root and leaf traits of 76 grassland species and relative abundance along fertility and disturbance gradients. Oikos 93:274-285

242. Epstein, H.E., Chapin F.S. III, Walker, M.D., and Starfield, A.M. 2001. Analyzing the functional type concept in arctic plants using a dynamic vegetation model. Oikos 95:239-252.

243. Eviner, V.T. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001. Animals and fungi can affect goatgrass establishment. California Agriculture 55(6):53.

244. Eviner, V.T. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001. Plant species provide vital ecosystem functions for sustainable agriculture, rangeland management and restoration. California Agriculture 55(6):54-59.

245.Gitay, H., S. Brown, W. Easterling, B. Jallow, J. Antle, M. Apps, R. Beamish, F.S. Chapin, III, W. Cramer, J. Frangi, J. Laine, L. Erda, J. Magnuson, I. Noble, J. Price, T. Prowse, O. Sirotenko, T. Root, E.-D. Schulze, B. Sohngen, F.-F. Soussana. 2001. Ecosystems and their goods and services. Pages 235-342 in J.J. McCarthy, O.F. Canziana, N.A. Leary, D.J. Dokken, and K.S. White, editors. Climate Change 2001: Impacts Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

246. Hu, S., F.S. Chapin, III, M.K. Firestone, C.B. Field, and N.R. Chiariello. 2001. Nitrogen limitation of microbial decomposition in a grassland under elevated CO2. Nature 409:188-191.

247. Joel, G., Chapin, F.S., III, Chiariello, N.R., Thayer, S.S., Field, C.B. 2001. Species-specific responses of plant communities to altered carbon and nutrient availability.  Global Change Biology 7:435-450.

248. Jonasson, S., F.S. Chapin, III, and G.R. Shaver. 2001. Biogeochemistry in the arctic: Patterns, processes and controls.  Pages 139-150 In E.-D. Schulze, M. Heimann, S.P. Harrison, E.A. Holland, J.J. Lloyd, I.C. Prentice, and D. Schimel, eds. Global biogeochemical cycles in the climate system. Academic Press, San Diego.

249. McFadden, J.M., G.E. Liston, M. Sturm, R.A. Pielke, Sr., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001. Interactions of shrubs and snow in arctic tundra: measurements and models. in Soil-vegetation-atmosphere transfer schemes and large-scale hydrological models. pages 317-325 in H. Dolman, J. Pomeroy, T. Oki, and A. Hall (editors). International Association of Hydrological Sciences, Wallingford, U.K.

250. Niemela, P., F.S. Chapin, III, K. Danell, and J.P. Bryant. 2001. Animal-mediated responses of boreal forest to climatic change. Climatic Change 48:427-440.

251. Rupp, T.S., F.S. Chapin, III, and A.M. Starfield.  2001.  Modeling the influence of topographic barriers on treeline advance at the forest-tundra ecotone in northwestern Alaska.  Climatic Change 48:399-416.

252. Shaver, G.R., M.S., Bret-Harte, M.H. Jones, J. Johnstone, L. Gough, J. Laundre, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001. Species composition interacts with fertilizer to control long-term change in tundra productivity. Ecology 82:3163-3181.

253. Sturm, M., J.P. McFadden, G.E. Liston, F.S. Chapin, III, J. Holmgren, and M. Walker. 2001. Snow-shrub interactions in arctic tundra: A hypothesis with climatic implications. Journal of Climate 14:336-344

254. Vance, E.D. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001. Substrate-environment interactions: multiple limitations to microbial activity in taiga forest floors. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 33:173-188

255. Walker, D.A., J.G. Bockheim, F.S. Chapin, III, F.E. Nelson, and C.L. Ping. 2001. Calcium-rich tundra, wildlife, and the Mammoth Steppe.  Quaternary Science Reviews 20:149-163.

256. Walker, M.D., W.A. Gould, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2001.  Scenarios of biodiversity changes in arctic and alpine tundra. Pages 83-100 in F.S. Chapin, III, O. Sala, and E. Huber-Sannwald (eds). Global Biodiversity in a Changing Environment: Scenarios for the 21st Century. Springer-Verlag, New York.

257. Zimov, S.A., Y.V. Voropaev, S.P. Davydov, G.M. Zimova, A.I. Davydova, F.S. Chapin, III, and M.C. Chapin. 2001. Flux of methane from North Siberian aquatic systems: Influence on atmospheric methane. Pages 511-524 In R. Paepe and V. Melnikov (Eds.) Permafrost Response on Economic Development, Environmental Security and Natural Resources. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Hague.

258. Beringer, J., S. McIlwaine, A.H. Lynch, F.S. Chapin, III, and G.B. Bonan. 2002. The use of a reduced form model to assess the sensitivity of a land surface model to biotic surface parameters. Climate Dynamics 19:455-466.

259. Bret-Harte, M.S., G.R. Shaver, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2002. Primary and secondary stem growth in arctic shrubs: Implications for community response to environmental change. Journal of Ecology 90:251-267.

260. Chambers, S. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2002. Fire effects on surface-atmosphere energy exchange in Alaskan black spruce ecosystems: Implications for feedbacks to regional climate. J. Geophys. Res. 108, 8145, doi:10.1029/2001JD000530.

261. Craine J.M., Wedin D.A., Chapin F.S., III, and Reich P.B. 2002. Relationship between the structure of root systems and resource use for 11 North American grassland plants. Plant Ecology 165:85-100.

262. Eviner, V.T., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2002. The influence of plant species, fertilization and elevated CO2 on soil aggregate stability. Plant and Soil 246:211-219.

263. Gitay, H., A. Suarez, R. Watson, O. Anisimov, F.S. Chapin, III, R.V. Cruz, M. Finlayson, W. Hohenstein, G. Insarov, Z. Kundzewicz, R. Leemans, C. Magadza, L. Nurse, I. Noble, J. Price, N.H. Ravindranath, T. Root, B. Scholes, A. Millamizar, and X. Rumei. 2002. Climate Change and Biodiversity. IPCC Technical Paper V. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

264. Hooper, D.U., Z.G. Cardon, F.S. Chapin, III, and M. Durant. 2002. Corrected calculations for soil and ecosystem measurements of CO2 flux using the LI-COR 6200 portable photosynthesis system. Oecologia 132:1-11.

265. McGuire, A.D., C. Wirth, M. Apps, J. Beringer, J. Clein, H. Epstein, D.W. Kicklighter, J. Bhatti, F.S. Chapin III, B. de Groot, D. Efremov, W. Eugster, M Fukuda, T. Gower, L. Hinzman, B. Huntley, G.J. Jia, E. Kasischke, J. Melillo, V. Romanovsky, A. Shvidenko, E. Vaganov, and D. Walker. 2002. Environmental variation, vegetation distribution, carbon dynamics, and water/energy exchange in high latitudes. Journal of Vegetation Science 13:301-314.

266. Randerson, J.T., F.S. Chapin, III, J. Harden, J.C. Neff, and M.E. Harmon. 2002. Net ecosystem production: A comprehensive measure of net carbon accumulation by ecosystems. Ecological Applications 12:937-947.

267. Rupp, T.S., A.M. Starfield, F.S. Chapin III, and P. Duffy. 2002. Modeling the impact of black spruce on the fire regime of Alaskan boreal forest. Climatic Change 55:213-233.

268. Austin, A. T., R. W. Howarth, J. S. Baron, F.S. Chapin, III, T.R. Christensen, E. A. Holland, M.V. Ivanov, A.Y. Lein, L.A. Martinelli, J. M. Melillo, and C. Shang. 2003. Human disruption of element interactions: Drivers, consequences and trends for the 21st century. Pages 15-45 In Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts, J. M. Melillo, C. B. Field, and B. Moldan. Island Press, Washington DC.

269. Chapin, F.S., III. 2003. Effects of plant traits on ecosystem and regional processes: A conceptual framework for predicting the consequences of global change. Annals of Botany 91:455-463.

270. Chapin, F.S., III, T.S. Rupp, A.M. Starfield, L. DeWilde, E.S. Zavaleta, N. Fresco, and A.D. McGuire. 2003. Planning for resilience: Modeling change in human-fire interactions in the Alaskan boreal forest. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:255-261.

271. Craine J.M., Wedin D.A., Chapin F.S., III, and Reich P.B. 2003. Development of grassland root systems and their effects on ecosystem properties. Plant and Soil 250:39-47.

272. Diaz, S., A.J. Symstad, F.S. Chapin, III, D.A.  Wardle and L. Huenneke. 2003. Functional diversity revealed by removal experiments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18:140-146.

273. Eugster, W., G. Kling, T. Jonas, J.P. McFadden, A. Wust, S. MacIntyre, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. CO2 exchange between air and water in an arctic Alaskan and midlatitude Swiss lake: Importance of convective mixing. Journal of Geophysical Research D108:4362, doi:10.1029/2002JD002653.

274. Eviner, V.T., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Gopher-plant-fungal interactions affect establishment of an invasive grass. Ecology 84:120-128.

275. Eviner, V.T., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Functional matrix: A conceptual framework for predicting multiple plant effects on ecosystem processes. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics 34: 455-485.

276. Eviner, V.T., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Biogeochemical interactions and biodiversity. Pages 151-173 In Interactions of the Major Biogeochemical Cycles: Global Change and Human Impacts, J. M. Melillo, C. B. Field, and B. Moldan. Island Press, Washington DC.

277. Gruenzweig, J.M., S.D. Sparrow, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Impact of forest conversion to agriculture on carbon and nitrogen mineralization in subarctic Alaska. Biogeochemistry 64:271-296.

278. Hinzman, L.D., M. Fukuda, D.V. Sandberg, F.S. Chapin, III and D. Dash. 2003. FROSTFIRE: An experimental approach to predicting the climate feedbacks from the changing boreal fire regime. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 108(D1), 8153, doi:10.1029/2001JD00415.

279. Johnstone, J.F. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Non-equilibrium succession dynamics indicate continued northern migration of lodgepole pine. Global Change Biology 9:1401-1409.

280. McFadden, J.P., W. Eugster, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. A regional study of the controls on water vapor and CO2 fluxes in arctic tundra. Ecology 84: 2762-2776.

281. McGuire, A.D., M. Sturm, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Arctic Transitions in the land-Atmosphere System (ATLAS): Background, objectives, results, and future directions. Journal of Geophysical Research 107, 8147, doi:10.1029/2001JD001244 [printed 108(D1), 2003].

282. Neff, J. C., F. S. Chapin, III, and P. M. Vitousek. 2003. Breaks in the cycle: Dissolved organic nitrogen in terrestrial ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1:205-211.

283. Sandberg, D.V., F.S. Chapin, III, and L. Hinzman. 2003. FROSTFIRE: a study of the role of fire in global change in the boreal forest. Pages 192-196 in K.E.M. Galley, R.C. Klinger, and N.G. Sugihara (eds.). Proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: The First National Congress on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management. Miscellaneous Publication No. 13, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL.

284. Symstad, A.J., F.S. Chapin, III, D.H. Wall, K.L. Gross, L.F. Huenneke, G.G. Mittelbach, D.P.C. Peters, G.D. Tilman. 2003. Long-term and large-scale perspectives on the relationship between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. BioScience 53:89-98.

285. Urcelay, C., S. Bret-Harte, S. Diaz, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2003. Mycorrhizal colonization mediated by species interactions in arctic tundra. Oecologia DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1349-6.

286. Van Wijk, M. T, K. E. Clemmensen, G. R. Shaver, M. Williams, T. V. Callaghan, F. S. Chapin III, J. H. C. Cornelissen, L. Gough, S. E. Hobbie, S. Jonasson, J. A. Lee, A. Michelsen, M. C. Press, S. J. Richardson, H. Rueth, 2003. Long-term ecosystem level experiments at Toolik Lake, Alaska, and at Abisko, Northern Sweden: Generalizations and differences in ecosystem and plant type responses to global change. Global Change Biology 10:105-123.

287. Walker, D.A., G.J. Jia, H.E. Epstein, M. K. Raynolds, F.S. Chapin, III, C. Copass, L.D. Hinzman, J.A. Knudson, H. Maier, G.J. Michaelson, F. Nelson, C.L. Ping, V.E. Romanovsky, and N. Shiklomanov. 2003. Vegetation-soil-thaw-depth relationships along a Low-Arctic bioclimate gradient, Alaska: Synthesis of information from the ATLAS studies. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 14:103-123.

288. Bret-Harte, M. S., E.A. Garcia, V.M. Sacré, J.R. Whorley, J.L. Wagner, S.C. Lippert, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Plant and soil responses to neighbor removal and fertilization in Alaskan tussock tundra. Journal of Ecology 92:635-647.

289. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, S. Schaphoff, S. Sitch, and C. Zöckler. 2004. Key findings and extended summaries. Ambio 33(7):386-392.

290. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, S. Schaphoff, S. Sitch, and C. Zöckler. 2004. Rationale, concepts and approach to the assessment. Ambio 33(7):393-397.

291. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, and G. Shaver. 2004. Past changes in acric terrestrial ecosystem climate and UV radiation. Ambio 33(7):398-403.

292. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, J. Elster, H. Henttonen, K. Laine, K. Taulavuori, E. Taulavuori, and C. Zöckler. 2004. Biodiversity, distributions and adaptations of arctic species in the context of environmental change. Ambio 33(7):404-417.

293. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, J. Elster, I.S. Jonsdottir, K. Laine, K. Taulavuori, E. Taulavuori, and C. Zöckler. 2004. Responses to projected changes in climate and UV-B at the species level. Ambio 33(7):418-435.

294. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, and H. Henttonen. 2004. Effects on the structure of arctic ecosystems in the short- and long-term perspectives. Ambio 33(7):436-447.

295. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, and G. Shaver. 2004. Effects on the function of arctic ecosystems in the short- and long-term perspectives. Ambio 33(7):448-458.

296. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, S. Schaphoff, and S. Sitch. 2004. Effects of changes in climate on landscape and regional processes, and feedbacks to the climate system. Ambio 33(7):459-468.

297. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, G. Shaver, S. Schaphoff, S. Sitch and C. Zöckler. 2004. Synthesis of effects in four arctic subregions. Ambio 33(7):469-473.

298. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, Y. Chernov, F.S. Chapin, III, T. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, N. Panikov, W. Oechel, and G. Shaver. 2004. Uncertainties and recommendations. Ambio 33(7):474-479.

299. Chapin, F.S., III. T.V. Callaghan, Y. Bergeron, M. Fukuda, J.F. Johnstone, G. Juday, and S.A. Zimov. 2004. Global change and the boreal forest: Thresholds, shifting states or gradual change? Ambio 33: 361-365.

300. Chapin, F. S., III. and V.T. Eviner. 2004. Biogeochemistry of terrestrial net primary production. Pages 215-247 In W.H. Schlesinger (Ed. Treatise on Geochemistry volume 8, Executive editors H.D. Holland and K.K. Turekian Elsevier, Amsterdam.

301. Chapin, F.S., III, L. Henry, and L. DeWilde. 2004. Wilderness in a changing Alaska: Managing for resilience. International Journal of Wilderness 10(2): 9-13.

302. Chapin, F.S., III, G. Peterson, F. Berkes, T.V. Callaghan, P. Angestam, M. Apps, C. Beier, Y. Bergeron, A.-S. Crepin, K. Danell, T. Elmqvist, C. Folke, B. Forbes, N. Fresco, G. Juday, J. Niemela, A. Shvidenko, and G. Whiteman. 2004. Resilience and vulnerability of northern regions to social and environmental change. Ambio 33:344-349.

303. Epstein, H.E., J. Beringer, W.A. Gould, A.H. Lloyd, C.D. Thompson, F.S. Chapin, III, G.J. Michaelson, C.L. Ping, T.S. Rupp, and D.A. Walker. 2004. The nature of spatial transitions in the Arctic. Journal of Biogeography 31: 1917-1933.

304. Epstein, H.E., M.P. Calef, M.D. Walker, F.S. Chapin, III, and A.M. Starfield. 2004. Detecting changes in arctic tundra plant communities in response to warming over decadal time scales. Global Change Biology 10:1325-1334.

305. Forbes, B., N. Fresco, A. Shvedenko, K. Danell, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Geographic variations in anthropogenic drivers that influence the vulnerability and resilience of high-latitude nations. Ambio 33:377-382.

306. Gruenzweig, J. M., S.D. Sparrow, D. Yakir, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Impact of agricultural land-use change on carbon storage in boreal Alaska. Global Change Biology 10:452-472.

307. Heijmans, M.M.P.D., W.J. Arp, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Carbon dioxide and water vapour exchange from understory species in boreal forest. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 123:135-147.

308. Heijmans, M.M.P.D., W.J. Arp, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Controls on moss evaporation in a boreal black spruce forest. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18:GB2004, doi:10.1029/2003GB002128.

309. Johnstone, J. F., F.S. Chapin, III, J. Foote, S. Kemmett, K. Price, and L. A. Viereck. 2004. Decadal observations of tree regeneration following fire in boreal forests. Can. J. For. Res. 34:267-273

310. Kruse, J.A., R.G. White, H.E. Epstein, B. Archie, M.D. Berman, S.R. Braund, F.S. Chapin, III, J. Charlie, Sr., C.J. Daniel, J. Eamer, N. Flanders, B. Griffith, S. Haley, L. Huskey, B. Joseph, D.R. Klein, G.P. Kofinas, S. Martin, S. Murphy, W. Nebesky, C. Nicholson, D.E. Russell, J. Tetlichi, A. Tussing, M.D. Walker, and O.R. Young. 2004. Modeling sustainability of arctic communities: An interdisciplinary collaboration of researchers and local knowledge holders. Ecosystems 7:815-828; DOI:10.1007/s10021-004-0008-z.

311. Mack, M.C., E.A.G. Schuur, M.S. Bret-Harte, G.R. Shaver, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization. Nature 431:440-443.

312. McGuire, A.D., M. Apps, F.S. Chapin III, R. Dargaville, M.D. Flannigan, E.S. Kasischke, D. Kicklighter, J. Kimball, W. Kurz, D.J. McRae, K. McDonald, J. Melillo, R. Myneni, B.J. Stocks, D.L. Verbyla, and Q. Zhuang. 2004. Land cover disturbances and feedbacks to the climate system in Canada and Alaska. Pages 139-161 in Gutman, G., Janetos, A.C., Justice, C.O., Moran, E.F., Mustard, J.F., Rindfuss, R.R., Skole, D., Turner II, B.L., Cochrane, M.A. (Eds.) Land Change Science: Observing, Monitoring, and Understanding Trajectories of Change on the Earth's Surface. Dordrecht, Netherlands, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

313. Thompson, C., J. Beringer, F. S. Chapin, III, and A. D. McGuire. 2004. Structural complexity and land-surface energy exchange along a vegetation gradient from arctic tundra to boreal forest. Journal of Vegetation Science 15:397-406.

314. Ullsten, O., J. G. Speth, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Options for enhancing the resilience of northern countries to rapid social and environmental change: A message to policy makers. Ambio 33:343.

315. Whiteman, G., B.C. Forbes, J. Niemela, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2004. Bringing feedback and resilience of high-latitude ecosystems into the corporate boardroom. Ambio 33:371-376.

316. Wright, I. J., P.B. Reich, M. Westoby, D.D. Ackerly, Z. Barusch, F. Bongers, J. Cavender-Bares, F.S. Chapin, III, J.H.C. Cornelissen, M. Diemer, J. Flexas, E. Garnier, P.K. Groom, J. Gulias, K. Hikosaka, B.B. Lamont, T. Lee, W. Lee, C. Lusk, J.J. Midgley, M.-L. Navas, U. Niinemets, J. Oleksyn, N. Osada, H. Poorter, P. Poot, L. Prior, V.I. Pyankov, C. Roumet, S.C. Thomas, M.G. Tjoelker, E.J. Veneklaas, and R. Villar. 2004. The world-wide leaf economics spectrum. Nature 428:821-827.

317. Beringer, J., F.S. Chapin III, C.C. Thompson, and A.D. McGuire. 2005. Surface energy exchanges along a tundra-forest transition and feedbacks to climate. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 131:143-161.

318. Callaghan, T., L.O. Bjorn, F.S. Chapin, III, Y. Chernov, T.R. Christensen, B. Huntley, R. Ims, M. Johansson, D. Jolly Reidlinger, S. Jonasson, N. Matveyeva, W. Oechel, N. Panikov, and G. Shaver. 2005. Arctic tundra and polar desert ecosystems. Pp. 243-352 In ACIA (Ed.) Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

319. Canals, R.M., V.T. Eviner, D.J. Herman, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Plant colonizers shape early N-dynamics in gopher mounds. Plant and Soil 276:327-334.

320. Chambers, S., J. Beringer, J. Randerson, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Fire effects on net radiation and energy partitioning: Contrasting responses of tundra and boreal forest ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 110(D9):D09106 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2004JD005299.

321. Chapin, F.S., III, M. Berman, T.V. Callaghan, P. Convey, A.-S. Crepin, K. Danell, H. Ducklow, B. Forbes, G. Kofinas, A.D. McGuire, M. Nuttall, R. Virginia, O. Young, and S. Zimov. 2005. Polar Systems. Pages 717-743 In H. Hassan, R. Scholes, and N. Ash (Eds.) Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends. Island Press, Washington, ISBN 1-55963-227-5.

322. Chapin, F.S., M. Sturm, M.C. Serreze, J. P. McFadden, J.R. Key, A.H. Lloyd, A.D. McGuire, T.S. Rupp, A.H. Lynch, J.P. Schimel, J. Beringer, W.L. Chapman, H.E. Epstein, E.S. Euskirchen, L. D. Hinzman, G. Jia, C.-L. Ping, K.D. Tape, C.D.C. Thompson, D.A. Walker, and J.M. Welker. 2005. Role of land-surface changes in arctic summer warming. Science 310:657-660.

323. Diaz, S., D. Tilman, J. Fargione, F.S. Chapin, III, R. Dirzo, T. Kitzberger, B. Gemmill, M. Zobel, M. Vilà, C. Mitchell, A. Wilby, G.C. Daily, M. Galetti, W.F. Laurance, J. Pretty, R. Naylor, A. Power, and D. Harvell. 2005. Biodiversity regulation of ecosystem services. Pages 297-329 In H. Hassan, R. Scholes, and N. Ash (Eds.) Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Current State and Trends. Island Press, Washington.

324. Eugster, W., J.P. McFadden, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Differences in surface roughness, energy and CO2 fluxes in two moist tundra vegetation types, Kuparuk Watershed, Alaska, U.S.A. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research. 37 (1):61-67.

325. Eviner, V. T. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Selective gopher disturbance influences plant species effects on nitrogen cycling. Oikos 109:154-166.

326. Foley, J. A., R. DeFries, G. P. Asner, C. Barford, G. Bonan, S. R. Carpenter, F. S. Chapin, III, M. T. Coe, G. C. Daily, H. K. Gibbs, J. H. Helkowski, T. Holloway, E. A. Howard, C. J. Kucharik, C. Monfreda, J. A. Patz, I. C. Prentice, N. Ramankutty, and P. K. Snyder. 2005. Global consequences of land use. Science 309:570-574.

327. Hinzman, L.D., N.D. Bettez, W.R. Bolton, F.S. Chapin, III, M. B. Dyurgerov, C. L. Fastie, B. Griffith, R.D. Hollister, A. Hope, H.P. Huntington, A.M. Jensen, G.J. Jia, T. Jorgenson, D.L. Kane, D.R. Klein, G. Kofinas, A.H. Lynch, A. H. Lloyd, A.D. McGuire, F.E. Nelson, M. Nolan, W.C. Oechel, T.E. Osterkamp, C. H. Racine, V.E. Romanovsky, R.S. Stone, D.A. Stow, M. Sturm, C.E. Tweedie, G.L. Vourlitis, M.D. Walker, D. A.Walker, P.J. Webber, J. Welker, K.S. Winker, and K. Yoshikawa. 2005. Evidence and implications of recent climate change in northern Alaska and other arctic regions. Climatic Change 72(3)251-298.

328. Hooper, D.U., F.S. Chapin, III, J.J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, S. Lavorel, J.H. Lawton, D.M. Lodge, M. Loreau, S. Naeem, B. Schmid, H. Setälä, A.J. Symstad, J. Vandermeer, and D.A. Wardle. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: A consensus of current knowledge and needs for future research. Ecological Applications 75:3-35.

329. Hooper, D.U., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, W.K. Lauenroth, S. Lavorel, D.M. Lodge, M. Loreau, S. Naeem, B. Schmid, H. Setälä, A.J. Symstad, J. Vandermeer, D.A. Wardle. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem processes: Implications for ecosystem management. Ecological Society of America Position Statement. http://www.esa.org/pao/esaPositions/Statements/effectsBiodiversity.php

330. Liu, H.P., J.T. Randerson, J. Lindfors, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Changes in the surface energy budget following fire in boreal ecosystems of interior Alaska: An annual perspective. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 110, D13101, doi:10.1029/2004JD005158.

331. Overpeck, J.T., M. Sturm, J.A. Francis, D.K. Perovich, M.C. Serreze, R. Benner, E.C. Carmack, F.S. Chapin, III et al. 2005. Arctic system on trajectory to new, seasonally ice-free state. EOS 86(34):309, 312-313.

332. Smithwick, E. A. H., M. C. Mack, M. G. Turner, F. S. Chapin, III, J. Zhu, and T.C. Balser. 2005. Spatial heterogeneity and soil nitrogen dynamics in a burned black spruce forest stand: Distinct controls at different scales. Biogeochemistry 76:517-537.

333. Smithwick, E., M. Turner, M. Mack, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Post-fire soil N cycling in northern conifer forests affected by severe, stand-replacing wildfires. Ecosystems 8:163-181.

334. Turner, M.G. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2005. Causes and consequences of spatial heterogeneity in ecosystem function. Pages 9-30 In Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes. Ed. By G.M. Lovett, C.G. Jones, M.G. Turner, and K.C. Weathers. Springer, New York.

335. Amiro, B.D., A.L. Orchansky, A.G. Barr, T.A. Black, S.D. Chambers, F.S. Chapin III, M.L. Goulden, M. Litvak, H. Liu, J.H. McCaughey, and J.T. Randerson. 2006. The effect of post-fire stand age on the boreal forest energy balance. Agriculture and Forest Meteorology 140:41-50.

336. Chapin, F.S., III, M. Hoel, S.R. Carpenter, J. Lubchenco, B. Walker, T.V. Callaghan, C. Folke, S. Levin, K.-G. Mäler, C. Nilsson, S. Barrett, F. Berkes, A.-S. Crépin, K. Danell, T. Rosswall, D. Starrett, T. Xepapadeas, and S.A. Zimov. 2006. Building resilience and adaptation to manage arctic change. Ambio 35(4):198-202.

337. Chapin, F.S., III, T. Hollingsworth, D.F. Murray, L.A. Viereck, and M.D. Walker. 2006. Floristic diversity and vegetation distribution in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 81-99 in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

338. Chapin, F.S., III, A.L. Lovecraft, E.S. Zavaleta, J. Nelson, M.D. Robards, G.P. Kofinas, S.F. Trainor, G.D. Peterson, H.P. Huntington, and R.L. Naylor. 2006. Policy strategies to address sustainability of Alaskan boreal forests in response to a directionally changing climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103(45):16637-16643. [2008 Sustainability Science Award, Ecological Society of America]

339. Chapin, F.S., III, A.D. McGuire, R.W. Ruess, M.W. Walker, R. Boone, M. Edwards, B. Finney, L.D. Hinzman, J. B. Jones, G.P. Juday, E.S. Kasischke, K. Kielland, A.H. Lloyd, M.W. Oswood, C.-L. Ping, E. Rexstad, V. Romanovsky, J. Schimel, E. Sparrow, B. Sveinbjornsson, D.W. Valentine, K. Van Cleve, D.L. Verbyla, L.A. Viereck, R.A. Werner, T.L. Wurtz, and J. Yarie. 2006. Summary and synthesis: Past and future changes in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 332-338 in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

340. Chapin, F.S., III, M.D. Robards, H.P. Huntington, J.F. Johnstone, S.F. Trainor, G.P Kofinas R.W. Ruess, N. Fresco, D.C. Natcher, and R.L. Naylor. 2006. Directional changes in ecological communities and social-ecological systems: A framework for prediction based on Alaskan examples. American Naturalist 168:S36-S49.

341. Chapin, F.S., III, L.A. Viereck, P. Adams, K. Van Cleve, C.L. Fastie, R.A. Ott, D. Mann, and J.F. Johnstone. 2006. Successional processes in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 100-120 In F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

342. Chapin, F.S., III, G.M. Woodwell, J.T. Randerson, G.M. Lovett, E.B. Rastetter, D.D. Baldocchi, D.A. Clark, M.E. Harmon, D.S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J.D. Aber, J.J. Cole, M.L. Goulden, J.W. Harden, M. Heimann, R.W. Howarth, P.A. Matson, A.D. McGuire, J.M. Melillo, H.A. Mooney, J.C. Neff, R.A. Houghton, M.L. Pace, M.G. Ryan, S.W. Running, O.E. Sala, W.H. Schlesinger, and E.-D. Schulze. 2006. Reconciling carbon-cycle concepts, terminology, and methods. Ecosystems 9(7):1041-1050.

343. Chapin, F.S., III, J. Yarie, K. Van Cleve, and L.A. Viereck. 2006. The conceptual basis of LTER studies in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 3-11 In F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

344. DeWilde, L., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Human impacts on the fire regime of Interior Alaska: Interactions among fuels, ignition sources, and fire suppression. Ecosystems 9:1342-1353.

345. Diaz, S. J. Fargione, F.S. Chapin, III, and D. Tilman. 2006. Biodiversity loss threatens human well-being. Plant Library of Science (PLoS) 4(8):1300-1305.

346. Eviner, V.T., F.S. Chapin, III, and C.E. Vaughn. 2006. Seasonal variations in plant species effects on soil N and P dynamics. Ecology 87(4):974-986.

347. Hollingsworth, T.N., M.D. Walker, F.S. Chapin, III, and A.L. Parsons. 2006. Scale-dependent environmental controls over species composition in Alaskan black spruce communities. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 36:1781-1796.

348. Huntington, H. P., S.F. Trainor, D.C. Natcher, O.H. Huntington, L. DeWilde, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. The significance of context in community-based research: Understanding discussions about wildfire in Huslia, Alaska. Ecology and Society 11 (1): 40. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol11/iss1/art40/.

349. Johnstone, J.F. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Effects of burn severity on patterns of post-fire tree recruitment in boreal forests. Ecosystems 9:14-31.

350. Johnstone, J.F. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Fire interval effects on successional trajectory in boreal forests of northwest Canada. Ecosystems 9:268-277.

351. McGuire, A.D., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Climate feedbacks in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 309-322 in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

352. McGuire, A.D., F.S. Chapin, III, J.E. Walsh, and C. Wirth. 2006. Integrated regional changes in arctic climate feedbacks: Implications for the global climate system. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 31:61-91.

353. Myers-Smith, I.H., B.K. Constantine, R.M Thompson, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Cumulative impacts on Alaskan arctic tundra to a quarter century of road dust. Ecoscience 13(4): 503-510.

354. Pugnaire, F.I., F.S. Chapin, III, and T.M. Hardig. 2006. Evolutionary changes in correlations among functional traits in Ceanothus in response to Mediterranean conditions. Web Ecology 6:17-26.

355. Randerson, J. T., H. Liu, M. Flanner, S. D. Chambers, Y. Jin, P. G. Hess, G. Pfister, M. C. Mack, K. K. Treseder, L. Welp, F. S. Chapin, III, J. W. Harden, M. L. Goulden, E. Lyons, J. C. Neff, E. A. G. Schuur, and C. Zender. 2006. The impact of boreal forest fire on climate warming. Science 314:1130-1132.

356. Schimel, J.P., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Microbial processes in the Alaskan boreal forest. Pages 227-240. in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

357. Sparrow, E.B., J.C. Dawe, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Communication of Alaskan boreal science with broader communities. Pages 323-331 in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

358. Thompson, C. C., A.D. McGuire, J.S. Clein, F.S. Chapin, III, and J. Beringer. 2006. Net carbon exchange across the arctic tundra-boreal forest transition in Alaska 1981-2000. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 11(4):805-827.

359. Valentine, D.W., K. Kielland, F.S. Chapin, III, A.D. McGuire, and K. Van Cleve. 2006. Patterns of biogeochemistry in Alaskan boreal forests. Pages 241-266 in F.S. Chapin, III, M. Oswood, K. Van Cleve, L.A. Viereck, and D.L. Verbyla (Eds.) Alaska’s Changing Boreal Forest. Oxford University Press, New York.

360. Walter, K.M., S.A. Zimov, J.P. Chanton, D. Verbyla, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming. Nature 443:71-75.

361. Zimov, S.A., S.P. Davydov, G.M. Zimova, A.I. Davydova, E.A.G. Schuur, K. Dutta, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Permafrost carbon: Stock and decomposability of a globally significant carbon pool. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L20502, doi:10.1029/2006GL027484.

362. Zimov, S.A., E.A.G. Schuur, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2006. Permafrost and the global carbon budget. Science 312:1612-1613.

363. Brinkman, T. J., G. P. Kofinas, F. S. Chapin III, and D. K. Person. 2007. Influence of hunter adaptability on resilience of subsistence hunting systems.  Journal of Ecological Anthropology 11:58-63.

364. Chapin, F.S., III. 2007. The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: A framework for wilderness stewardship in a directionally changing world. International journal of Wilderness. Wild Planet Project 13:19-20, 23.

365. Chapin, F.S., III. 2007. Alaska parks in a warming climate: Conserving a changing future. Alaska Park Science 6(2):7-11.

366. Chapin, F.S., III, K. Danell, T. Elmqvist, C. Folke, and N. Fresco. 2007. Managing climate change impacts to enhance the resilience and sustainability of Fennoscandian forests. Ambio 36(7):528-533.

367. Cornelissen, J.H.C., P.M. van Bodegom, R. Aerts, T.V. Callaghan, R.S.P. van Logtestijn, J. Alatalo, F.S. Chapin, III, et al. 2007. Global negative vegetation feedback to climate warming responses of leaf litter decomposition rates in cold biomes. Ecology Letters 10:619-627.

368. Diaz, S., S. Lavorel, F.S., Chapin, III, P.A. Tecco, D. E. Gurvich, and K. Grigulis. 2007. Functional diversity: At the crossroads between ecosystem functioning and environmental filters. Pages 81-91 In: Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. (eds. Canadell, J.G., Pataki, D.E., and Pitelka, L.F.). IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

369. Euskirchen, S.E., A.D. McGuire, and F.S. Chapin III. 2007. Energy feedbacks to the climate system due to reduced high latitude snow cover during 20th century warming. Global Change Biology 13:2425-2438.

370. McGuire, A.D., F.S. Chapin III, C. Wirth, M. Apps, J. Bhatti, T. Callaghan, T.R. Christensen, J.S. Clein, M. Fukuda, T. Maximov, A. Onuchin, A. Shvidenko, and E. Vaganov. 2007. Responses of high latitude ecosystems to global change: Potential consequences for the climate system. In: Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. (eds. Canadell, J.G., Pataki, D.E., and Pitelka, L.F.), pp. 297-310. IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

371. Milner, A.M., C. Fastie, F.S. Chapin, III, D.R. Engstrom, and L. Sharman. 2007. Interactions and linkages among ecosystems during landscape evolution. BioScience 57:237-247.

372. Myers-Smith, I. H., A. D. McGuire, J. W. Harden, and F. S. Chapin III 2007. Influence of disturbance on carbon exchange in a permafrost collapse and adjacent burned forest, J. Geophys. Res., 112, G04017, doi:10.1029/2007JG000423.

373. Natcher, D. C., M. Calef, O. Huntington, S. Trainor, H. P. Huntington, L. DeWilde, S. Rupp and F. S. Chapin, III 2007. Factors Contributing to the Cultural and Spatial Variability of Landscape Burning by Native Peoples of Interior Alaska. Ecology and Society 12 (1): 7. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss1/art7/.

374. Natcher, D., O. Huntington, H. Huntington, F.S. Chapin, III, S.F. Trainor, and L. DeWilde. 2007. Notions of time and sentience: Methodological considerations for arctic change research. Arctic Anthropology 44(2):113-126.

375. Potvin, C., F.S. Chapin, III, A. Gonzalez, P. Leadley, P. Reich, and J. Roy. 2007. Ecosystem functioning in a more uniform and species-poorer world: Plant biodiversity and responses to elevated carbon dioxide. Pages 125-134 In: Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. (eds. Canadell, J.G., Pataki, D.E., and Pitelka, L.F.). IGBP Series, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

376. Soja, A.J., N.M.Tchebakova, N.N.E. French, M.D. Flannigan, H.H. Shugart, B.J. Stocks, A.I. Sukhinin, E.I. Parfenova, F.S. Chapin, III, and P.W. Stackhouse, Jr. 2007. Climate-induced boreal forest change: Predictions versus current observations. Global and Planetary Change 56(3-4): 274-296.

377. Trainor, S.F., F.S. Chapin, III, H.P. Huntington, D.C. Natcher, and G. Kofinas. 2007. Arctic climate impacts: Environmental injustice in Canada and the United States. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability 12(6):627-643.

378. Walter, K. M., M. E. Edwards, G. Grosse, F. S. Chapin III, S. A. Zimov. 2007. Thermokarst lakes as a source of atmospheric CH4 during the last deglaciation. Science 318:633-636.

379. Walter, K. M., L. C. Smith, and F. S. Chapin, III. 2007. Methane bubbling from northern lakes: Present and future contributions to the global methane budget. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 365:1657-1676.

380. Alessa, L. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Anthropogenic biomes: A key contribution to earth-system science. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 23(10):529-531.

381. Beier, C.M., T.M. Patterson, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Ecosystem services and emergent vulnerability in managed ecosystems: A geospatial decision-support tool. Ecosystems 11(6):923-938.

382. Bret-Harte, M.S., M.C. Mack, G.R. Goldsmith, D.B. Sloan, J. DeMarco, G.R. Shaver, P.M. Ray, Z. Biesinger, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Plant functional types do not predict biomass responses to removal and fertilization in Alaskan tussock tundra. Journal of Ecology 96(4):713-726.

383. Calef, M.P., A.D. McGuire, F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Human influence on wildfire in Alaska from 1988 through 2005: An analysis of the spatial patterns of human impacts. Earth Interactions 12(1) doi: 10:10.1175/2007EI220.1.

384. Chapin, F.S., III. 2008. Climate change and the biosphere. The Scientist 22(1):37.

385. Chapin, F.S., III, V.T. Eviner, L.M. Talbot, B.A. Wilcox, D.R. Magness, C.A. Brewer, and D.S. Keebler. 2008. Disease effects on landscape and regional systems: A resilience framework. Pages 284-303 in R. Ostfeld, F. Keesing, and V.T. Eviner, editors. The Ecology of Infectious Diseases. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

386. Chapin, F.S., III, J.T. Randerson, A.D. McGuire, J.A. Foley, and C.B. Field. 2008. Changing feedbacks in the earth-climate system. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6(6):313-320.

387. Chapin, F. S., III, S. F. Trainor, O. Huntington, A. L. Lovecraft, E. Zavaleta, D. C. Natcher, A. D. McGuire, J. L. Nelson, L. Ray, M. Calef, N. L. Fresco, H. Huntington, T. S. Rupp, L. DeWilde, and R. L. Naylor. 2008. Increasing wildfire in the boreal forest: Pathways to potential solutions of a wicked problem. BioScience 58(6):531-540.

388. Cole, D.N., L. Yung, E.S. Zavaleta, G.H. Aplet, F.S. Chapin, III, D.M. Graber, E.S. Higgs, R.J. Hobbs, P.B. Landres, C.I. Millar, D.J. Parsons, J.M. Randall, N.L. Stephenson, K.A. Tonnessen, P.S. White, and S. Woodley. 2008. Naturalness and beyond: Protected area stewardship in an era of global environmental change. The George Wright Forum 25(1):36-56.

389. Committee on Ecological Impacts of Climate Change. 2008. Ecological Impacts of Climate Change. National Research Council, Washington.

390. Correll, R.W., S.J. Hassol, J.M. Melillo, D. Archer, E. Euskirchen, F.S. Chapin III, A.D. McGuire, T.R. Christensen, V.P. Fichelet, K. Walter, Q. Zhuang, T. Callaghan, S. Bech, and C. McMullen. 2008. Methane from the Arctic: Global warming wildcard. In: UNEP Year Book 2008 (ed P. Harrison), pp 37-48. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, Kenya.

391. Hollingsworth, T.N., E.A.G. Schuur, F.S. Chapin, III, and M.D. Walker. 2008. Plant community composition as a predictor of regional soil carbon storage in Alaskan boreal black spruce ecosystems. Ecosystems 11(4):629-642.

392. Johnstone, J.F., T.N. Hollingsworth, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. A key for predicting post-fire successional trajectories in black spruce stands in Interior Alaska. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Station General Technical Report 767.

393. Kasischke, E.S., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Increasing vulnerability of Alaska’s boreal forest as a result of climate warming and the changing fire regime. Pages 175-192 in Sudden and Disruptive Climate Change: Exploring the Real Risks and How We Can Avoid Them. M.C. MacCracken, F. Moore, and J.C. Topping, Jr., editors. Earthscan, London.

394. Loring, P., F.S. Chapin, III, and S.C. Gerlach. 2008. The services-oriented architecture: Ecosystem services as a framework for diagnosing change in social-ecological systems. Ecosystems 11(3):478-489.

395. Mack, M.C., K.K. Treseder, K.L. Manies, J.W. Harden. E.A.G. Schuur, J.G. Vogel, J.T. Randerson, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Recovery of aboveground plant biomass and productivity after fire in mesic and dry black spruce forests of Interior Alaska. Ecosystems 11:209-225.

396. Miller, T.R., T.D. Baird, C.M. Littlefield, G.P. Kofinas, F.S. Chapin, III, and C.L. Redman. 2008. Epistemological pleuralism: Reorganizing interdisciplinary research. Ecology and Society 13(2): 46. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss2/art46/.

397. Myers-Smith, I.H., J.W. Harden, M. Wilmking, C.C. Fuller, A.D. McGuire, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Wetland succession in a permafrost collapse: Interactions between fire and thermokarst. Biogeosciences 5:1273-1286.

398. Nelson, J. L., E. Zavaleta, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. Boreal fire effects on subsistence resources in Alaska and adjacent Canada. Ecosystems 11:156-171.

399. Suding, K.N., S. Lavorel, F.S. Chapin, III, J.H.C. Cornelissen, S. Diaz, E. Garnier, D. Goldberg, D.U. Hooper, S.T. Jackson, and M.-L. Navas. 2008. Scaling environmental change through the community level: A trait-based response- and-effect framework for plants. Global Change Biology 14:1125-1140.

400. Walter, K. M., J.P. Chanton, F.S. Chapin III, E.A.G. Schuur, and S.A. Zimov. 2008. Methane production and bubble emissions from arctic lakes: Isotopic implications for source pathways and ages. Journal Geophysical Research 113: G00A08, doi:10.1029/2007JG000569.

401. Walter, K.M., C. Duguay, M. Jeffries, M. Engram, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. The potential use of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for estimating methane ebullition from arctic lakes. Journal of the American Water Research Association 44(2): 305-315.

402. Wirth, C., J.W. Lichstein, J. Dushoff, A. Chen, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2008. White spruce meets black spruce: Dispersal, postfire establishment, and growth in a warming climate. Ecological Monographs 78(4):489-505.

403. Beier, C. M., A. L. Lovecraft and F. S. Chapin, III. 2009. Growth and collapse of a resource system: An adaptive cycle of change in public lands governance and forest management in Alaska. Ecology and Society 14(2):5. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art5/.

404. Berkes, F., G.P. Kofinas, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Conservation, community, and livelihoods: Sustaining, renewing, and adapting cultural connections to the land. Pages 129-147 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

405. Brinkman, T.J., F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and D.K. Person. 2009. Linking hunter knowledge with forest change to understand changing deer harvest opportunities in intensively logged landscapes. Ecology and Society 14(1) 36. [Online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art36/.

406. Carpenter, S.R., V. Armbrust, P. Arzberger, F.S. Chapin, III, J. Elser, E. Hackett, A.R. Ives, P. Kareiva, M. Leibold, P. Lundberg, M. Mangel, N. Merchant, W. Murdoch, M. Palmer, D. Peters, S. Pickett, K. Smith, D.H. Wall, and A. Zimmerman. 2009. Accelerate synthesis in ecology and environmental sciences. BioScience 59:699-701.

407. Chapin, F.S., III. 2009. Managing ecosystems sustainably: The key role of resilience. Pages 29-53 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

408. Chapin, F.S., III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke. 2009. A framework for understanding change. Pages 3-28 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

409. Chapin, F.S., III, G.P. Kofinas, C. Folke, S.R. Carpenter, P. Olsson, N. Abel, R. Biggs, R.L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, D.M. Stafford Smith, W. Steffen, B. Walker, and O.R. Young. 2009. Resilience-based stewardship: Strategies for navigating sustainable pathways in a changing world. Pages 319-337 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

410. Chapin, F.S., III, J. McFarland, A.D. McGuire, E.S. Euskirchen, R.W. Ruess, and K. Kielland. 2009. The changing global carbon cycle: Linking plant-soil carbon dynamics to global consequences. Journal of Ecology 97(5):840-850.

411. Eck, T.F., B.N. Holben, J.S. Reid, A. Sinyuk, E.J. Hyer, N.T. O’Neill, G.E. Shaw, J.R. van de Castle, F.S. Chapin, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, E. Vermote, J.S. Schafer, D. Giles, I. Slutsker, M. Sorokine, and W.W. Newcomb. 2009. Optical properties of boreal region biomass burning aerosols in central Alaska and seasonal variation of aerosol optical depth at an Arctic coastal site. Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D11201, doi:10.1029/2008JD010870.

412. Euskirchen, E.S., A.D. McGuire, F.S. Chapin, III, S. Yi, and C.C. Thompson. 2009. Changes in vegetation in northern Alaska under scenarios of climate change, 2003-2100: Implications for climate feedbacks. Ecological Applications 19(4): 1022-1043.

413. Euskirchen, E.S., A.D. McGuire, T.S. Rupp, F.S. Chapin, III, and J.E. Walsh. 2009. Projected changes in atmospheric heating due to changes in fire disturbance and the snow season in the western arctic, 2003-2100. Journal of Geophysical Research 114:G04022, doi:10.1029/2009JG001095.

414. Fagre, D.B., C.W. Charles, C.D. Allen, C. Birkeland, F.S. Chapin III, P.M. Groffman, G.R. Gunternspergen, A.K. Knapp, A.D. McGuire, P.J. Mulholland, D.P.C. Peters, D.D. Roby, and G. Sugihara. 2009. Thresholds of Climate Change in Ecosystems. A report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research. U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, USA. 170 pages.

415. Feng, Z., R. Liu, D.L. DeAngelis J.P. Bryant, K. Kielland, F.S. Chapin, III, and R. Swihart. 2009. Plant toxicity, adaptive herbivory, and plant community dynamics. Ecosystems 12:534-547.

416. Folke, C., F.S. Chapin, III, and P. Olsson. 2009. Transformations in ecosystem stewardship. Pages 103-125 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

417. Fresco, N., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Assessing the potential for conversion to biomass fuels in Interior Alaska. Research Paper PNW-RP-579. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Experiment Station, Portland OR, 56 pp.

418. Kofinas, G.P., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Sustaining livelihoods and human well-being during social-ecological changes. Pages 55-75 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

419. Power, M.E., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Planetary stewardship. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7(8):399.

420. Rockström, J., W. Steffen, K. Noone, Å. Persson, F. S. Chapin, III, E. F. Lambin, T. M. Lenton, M. Scheffer, C. Folke, H. J. Schellnhuber, B. Nykvist, C. A. de Wit, T. Hughes, S. van der Leeuw, H. Rodhe, S. Sörlin, P. K. Snyder, R. Costanza, U. Svedin, M. Falkenmark, L. Karlberg, R. W. Corell, V. J. Fabry, J. Hansen, B. Walker, D. Liverman, K. Richardson, P. Crutzen, and J. A. Foley. 2009. A safe operating space for humanity. Nature 461:472-475

421. Rockström, J., W. Steffen, K. Noone, Å. Persson, F. Chapin, E. Lambin, T.M. Lenton, M. Scheffer, C. Folke, H. Schellnhuber, B. Nykvist, C. A. DeWit, T. Hughes, S. Van der Leeuw, H. Rodhe, S. Sörlin, P. K. Snyder, R. Costanza, U. Svedin, M. Falkenmark, L. Karlberg, R. W. Corell, V. J. Fabry, J. Hansen, B. Walker, D. Liverman, K. Richardson, P. Crutzen and J. Foley. 2009. Planetary Boundaries:  Exploring the Safe Operating Space for Humanity. Ecology and Society 14 (2): 32. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss2/art32/

422. Stafford Smith, D.M., N. Abel, B. Walker, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Drylands: Coping with uncertainty, thresholds, and changes in state. Pages 171-195 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

423. Swanson, F.J. and F.S. Chapin, III. 2009. Forest systems: Living with long-term change. Pages 149-170 in F.S. Chapin, III, G.P. Kofinas, and C. Folke (editors). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. Springer, New York.

424. Trainor, S. F., M. Calef, D. Natcher, F.S. Chapin, III, A. D. McGuire, O. Huntington, P. Duffy, T. S. Rupp, L. DeWilde, M. Kwart, N. Fresco, and A. Lovecraft. 2009. Vulnerability and adaptation to climate-related fire impacts in rural and urban interior Alaska. Polar Research 28:100-118.

425. Trainor, S. F., A. Godduhn, L. K. Duffy, F. S. Chapin, III, H. P. Huntington, D. C. Natcher, and G. P. Kofinas. 2009. Environmental injustice in the Canadian far north: Persistent organic pollutants and arctic climate impacts. Pages 144-162 in J. Agyeman, P. Cole, H. Haluza-DeLay, and P. O'Riley, editors. Speaking for Ourselves: Environmental Justice in Canada. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, BC.

426. Urcelay, C., S. Diaz, D.E. Gurvich, et al. 2009. Mycorrhizal community resilience in response to experimental plant functional type removals in a woody ecosystem. Journal of Ecology 97(6): 1291-1301.

427. Zimov, N. S., S. A. Zimov, A. E. Zimova, G. M. Zimova, V. I. Chuprynin, and F. S. Chapin, III (2009), Carbon storage in permafrost and soils of the mammoth tundra-steppe biome: Role in the global carbon budget, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L02502, doi:10.1029/2008GL036332.

428. Chapin, F.S., III. 2010. The planet is shouting but nobody listens. Pages 75-78 in K.D. Moore and M. P. Nelson (editors). Moral Ground: Ethical Action for a Planet in Peril. Trinity Press, San Antonio.

429. Chapin, F.S., III, S.R. Carpenter, G.P. Kofinas. C. Folke, N. Abel, W.C. Clark, P. Olsson, D.M. Stafford Smith, B. Walker, O.R. Young, F. Berkes, R. Biggs, J.M. Grove, R.L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, W. Steffen, and F.J. Swanson. 2010. Ecosystem stewardship: Sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25(4):241-249.

430. Chapin, F.S., III, A.D. McGuire, R.W. Ruess, T.N. Hollingsworth, M.C. Mack, J.F. Johnstone, E.S. Kasischke, E.S. Euskirchen, J. B. Jones, M.T. Jorgenson, K. Kielland, G.P. Kofinas, M. R. Teretsky, J. Yarie, A.H. Lloyd, and D.L. Taylor. 2010. Resilience of Alaska’s boreal forest to climatic change.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7):1360-1370.

431. Chapin, F.S., III, E.S. Zavaleta, L.A. Welling, P. Deprey, and L. Yung. 2010. Planning in the context of uncertainty: Flexibility for adapting to change. Pages 216-233 In D.N. Cole and L. Yung, editors. Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Island Press, Washington.

432. Euskirchen, E. S., A.D. McGuire, F.S. Chapin, III, and T.S. Rupp. 2010. The changing effects of Alaska’s boreal forests on the climate system. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7):1336-1346.

433. Folke, C., S. Carpenter, B. Walker, M. Scheffer, F.S. Chapin, III, and J. Rockström. 2010. Resilience thinking: Integrating resilience, adaptability, and transformability. Ecology and Society 15 (4): 20. [online] URL: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol15/iss4/art20/.

434. Gleick, P. H. et al. 2010. Climate change and the integrity of science. Science. 328:689-690.

435. Hobbs, R.J., D.N. Cole, L. Yung, E.S. Zavaleta, G.H. Aplet, F.S. Chapin, III, P.B. Landres, D.J. Parsons, N.L. Stephenson, P.S. White, D.M. Graber, E.S. Higgs, C.I. Millar, J.M. Randall, K.A. Tonnessen, and S. Woodley. 2010. Guiding concepts for park and wilderness stewardship in an era of global environmental change. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8(9):483-490.

436. Johnstone, J.F., F.S. Chapin, III, T.N. Hollingsworth, M.C. Mack, V. Romanovsky, and M. Turetsky. 2010. Fire, climate change, and forest resilience in interior Alaska. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7):1302-1312.

437. Johnstone, J.F., T.N. Hollingsworth, F.S. Chapin, III, and M.C. Mack. 2010. Changes in fire regime break the legacy lock on successional trajectories in the Alaskan boreal forest. Global Change Biology 16:1281-1295.

438. Joly, K., F.S. Chapin, III, and D.R. Klein. 2010. Winter habitat selection by caribou in relation to lichen abundance, wildfires, grazing and landscape characteristics in northwest Alaska. Ecoscience 17(3):321-333.

439. Joly, K., T.S. Rupp, R.R. Jandt, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2010. Fire in the range of the Western Arctic Caribou Herd. Alaska Park Science 8(2):68-73.

440. Kofinas, G.P. F.S. Chapin, III, S. BurnSilver, J.I. Schmidt, N.L. Fresco, K. Kielland, S. Martin, A. Springsteen, and T.S. Rupp. 2010. Resilience of Athabascan subsistence systems to interior Alaska’s changing climate. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7):1347-1359.

441. McGuire, A.D., F.S. Chapin III, and R.W. Ruess. 2010. The Dynamics of Change in Alaska's Boreal Forests: Resilience and Vulnerability in Response to Climate Warming. Foreword. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40(7): 1195-1196.

442. Nilsson, C., R. Jansson, E.C.H. Keskitalo, T. Vlassova, M.-L. Sutinen, J. Moen, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2010. Challenges to adaptation in northernmost Europe as a result of global climate change. Ambio 39:81-84.

443. Walter Anthony, K.M., D.A. Vas, L. Brosius, F.S. Chapin, III, S.A. Zimov, and Q. Zhuang. 2010. Estimating methane emissions from northern lakes using ice-bubble surveys. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 8:592-609.

444. Whiteman, G. D.R. deVos, F.S. Chapin, III, V. Yli-Pelkonen, J. Niemelä, and B.C. Forbes. 2010. Business strategies and the transition to low-carbon cities. Business Strategy and the Environment doi: 10.1002/bse.691.

445. Zavaleta, E.S., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2010. Resilience frameworks: Enhancing the capacity to adapt to change. Pages142-158 In D.N. Cole and L. Yung, editors. Beyond Naturalness: Rethinking Park and Wilderness Stewardship in an Era of Rapid Change. Island Press, Washington.

446. Adger, W. N., J. Barnett, F.S. Chapin, III, and H. Ellemor. 2011. This must be the place: Underrepresentation of identity and meaning in climate change decision-making. Global Environmental Politics 11(2):1-25.

447. Bernhardt, E.L., T.N. Hollingsworth, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2011. Fire severity mediates climate-driven shifts in understory composition of black spruce stands in interior Alaska. Journal of Vegetation Science 22:32-44.

448. Brinkman, T.J., D.K. Person, F.S. Chapin, III, W. Smith, and K.J. Hundertmark. 2011. Estimating abundance of Sitka black-tailed deer using DNA from fecal pellets. Journal of Wildlife Management 75(1):232-242.

449. Chapin, F.S., III and A.L. Lovecraft. 2011 Contextualizing Alaska’s climate change from global to local scales: The boreal forest, people, and wildfire. Pages 41-52 In A.L. Lovecraft and H. Eicken, editors. North by 2020: Perspectives on Alaska’s Changing Social-Ecological Systems. University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks.

450. Chapin, F.S., III, S.T.A. Pickett, M.E. Power, R.B. Jackson, D.M. Carter, and C. Duke. 2011. Earth stewardship: A strategy for social-ecological transformation to reverse planetary degradation. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 1(1):44-53.

451. Chapin, F.S., III, M.E. Power, S.T.A. Pickett, A. Freitag, J. A. Reynolds, R.B. Jackson, D.M. Lodge, C. Duke, S.L. Collins, A.G. Power, and A. Bartuska. 2011. Earth Stewardship: Science for action to sustain the human-earth system. Ecosphere 2(8):art89. doi:10.1890/ES11-00166.1.

452. Folke, C., Å. Jansson, J. Rockström, P. Olsson, S. Carpenter, F.S. Chapin III, A.-S. Crepín, G. Daily, K. Danell, J. Ebbesson, T. Elmqvist, V. Galaz, F. Moberg, M. Nilsson, H. Österblom, E. Ostrom, Å. Persson, G. Peterson, S. Polasky, W. Steffen, B. Walker, and F. Westley. 2011. Reconnecting to the biosphere. Ambio DOI 10.1007/s13280-011-0184-y.

453. Joly, K., D.R. Klein, D.L. Verbyla, T.S. Rupp, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2011. Linkages between large-scale climate patterns and the dynamics of Alaskan caribou populations. Ecography 34:345-352.

454. Kattge, J., S. Díaz, S. Lavorel, I. C. Prentice, P. Leadley, G. Bönisch, E. Garnier, M. Westoby, P. B. Reich, I. J. Wright, J. H. C. Cornelissen, C. Violle, S. P. Harrison, P. M. v. Bodegom, M. Reichstein, N. A. Soudzilovskaia, D. Ackerly, M. Anand, O. K. Atkin, M. Bahn, T. R. Baker, D. Baldocchi, R. Bekker, C. Blanco, B. Blonder, W. Bond, R. Bradstock, D. E. Bunker, F. Casanoves, J. Cavender-Bares, J. Chambers, F. S. Chapin, J. Chave, D. Coomes, W. K. Cornwell, J. M. Craine, B. H. Dobrin, W. Durka, J. Elser, B. J. Enquist, G. Esser, M. Estiarte, W. F. Fagan, J. Fang, F. Fernández, A. Fidelis, B. Finegan, O. Flores, H. Ford, D. Frank, G. T. Freschet, N. M. Fyllas, R. Gallagher, W. Green, A. G. Gutierrez, T. Hickler, S. Higgins, J. G. Hodgson, A. Jalili, S. Jansen, C. Joly, A. J. Kerkhoff, D. Kirkup, K. Kitajima, M. Kleyer, S. Klotz, J. M. H. Knops, K. Kramer, I. Kühn, H. Kurokawa, D. Laughlin, T. D. Lee, M. Leishman, F. Lens, T. Lenz, S. L. Lewis, J. Lloyd, J. Llusià, F. Louault, S. Ma, M. D. Mahecha, P. Manning, T. Massad, B. Medlyn, J. Messier, A. Moles, S. Müller, K. Nadrowski, S. Naeem, Ü. Niinemets, S. Nöllert, A. Nüske, R. Ogaya, J. Oleksyn, V. G. Onipchenko, Y. Onoda, J. Ordoñez, G. Overbeck, W. A. Ozinga, S. Patiño, S. Paula, J. G. Pausas, J. Peñuelas, O. L. Phillips, V. Pillar, H. Poorter, L. Poorter, P. Poschlod, R. Proulx, A. Rammig, S. Reinsch, B. Reu, L. Sack, B. Salgado, J. Sardans, A. Siefert, S. Shiodera, B. Shipley, E. Sosinski, J.-F. Soussana, E. Swaine, N. G. Swenson, K. Thompson, P. Thornton, M. Waldram, E. Weiher, M. White, S. J. Wright, S. Zaehle, A. E. Zanne and C. Wirth. 2011. TRY – a global database of plant traits. Global Change Biology 17(9):2905-2935.

455. Kinzig, A.P., C. Perrings, F.S. Chapin III, S. Polasky, V.K. Smith, D. Tilman, and B.L. Turner II. 2011. Paying for ecosystem services: Promise and peril. Science 334 (6056): 603-604.

456. Magness, D. R., J. M. Morton, F. Huettmann, F. S. Chapin, III, and A. D. McGuire. 2011. A climate-change adaptation framework to reduce continental-scale vulnerability across the U.S. National Wildlife Refuge System. Ecosphere 2:art112. [doi:10.1890/ES11-00200.1].

457. Peters, D.P.C ., A.E. Lugo, F.S. Chapin, III, S.T.A. Pickett, M. Duniway, A.V. Roca, F.J. Swanson, C. Laney, and J. Jones. 2011. Cross-system comparisons elucidate disturbance complexities and generalities. Ecosphere 2(7):art81. doi:10.1890/ES11-00115.1.

458. Robards, M.D., H. Eicken, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2011.  Tracking changes in coastal-community subsistence to improve understanding of arctic climate change.  Pages 389-403 In A.L. Lovecraft and H. Eicken, editors. North by 2020: Perspectives on Alaska’s Changing Social-Ecological Systems. University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks.

459. Schuur, E.A.G., B. Abbott, and the Permafrost Carbon Network. 2011. High risk of permafrost thaw. Nature 480:32-33.

460. Wolken, JM, TN Hollingsworth, TS Rupp, FS Chapin III, SF Trainor, TM Barrett, PF Sullivan, AD McGuire, ES Euskirchen, PE Hennon, EA Beever, JS Conn, LK Crone, DV D'Amore, N Fresco, TA Hanley, K Kielland, JJ Kruse, T Patterson, EAG Schuur, DL Verbyla, J Yarie. 2011. Evidence and implications of recent and projected climate change in Alaska's forest ecosystems. Ecosphere 2(11):124. doi:10.1890/ES11-00288.1

461. Young, B., J. Liang, and F.S. Chapin, III. 2011. Effects of species and tree size diversity on recruitment in the Alaskan boreal forest: A geospatial approach. Forest Ecology and Management 262:1608-1617.

462. Chapin, F.S., III, A.F. Mark, R.A. Mitchell, and K.J.M. Dickinson. 2012. Design principles for social-ecological transformation toward sustainability: Lessons from New Zealand sense of place. Ecosphere 3:art40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/ES12-00009.1.

463. Cumming, G.S., P. Olsson, F.S. Chapin, III, and C.S. Holling. 2012. Resilience, experimentation, and scale mismatches in social-ecological landscapes. Landscape Ecology DOI 10.1007/s10980-012-9725-4.

464. DeFries, R., E. Ellis, F.S. Chapin III, P. Matson, B.L. Turner II, A. Agrawal, P. Crutzen, C. Field, P. Gleick, P. Kareiva, E. Lambin, D. Liverman, E. Ostrom, P. Sanchez, and J. Syvitsky. 2012. Plantetary opportunities: A social contract for global change science to contribute to a sustainable future. BioScience 62(6): 603-606.

465. Driscoll, C. T., K.F. Lambert, F.S. Chapin, III, D. Nowak, T. Spies, F.J. Swanson, D.B. Kittredge, Jr., and C. M. Hart. 2012. Science and Society: The Role of Long-Term Studies in Environmental Stewardship. BioScience 62(4): 354-366.

466. Vicca, S., S. Luyssaert, J. Peñuelas, M. Campioli, F.S. Chapin, III, P. Ciais, A. Heinemeyer, P. Högberg, W.L. Kutsch, B.E. Law, Y. Malhi, D. Papale, S.L. Piao, M. Reichstein, E.D. Schulze, and I. A. Janssens. 2012. Fertile forests produce biomass more efficiently. Ecology Letters 15:520-526.

467. Chapin, F. S., III, and V.T. Eviner. In press. Biogeochemical interactions governing terrestrial net primary production. Pages 215-247 In D. Karl and W.H. Schlesinger (Ed. Treatise on Geochemistry volume 8, Executive editors H.D. Holland and K.K. Turekian. 2nd edition. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

468. Chapin, F.S., III, M.D. Robards, J.F. Johnstone, T.C. Lantz, and S.V. Kokelj. In press. Novel social-ecological systems in the north: Potential pathways toward ecological and societal resilience. in R.J. Hobbs, E.S. Higgs, and C.M. Hall, editors. Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological Order. Wiley, New York.

469. Feng, Z., J.A. Alfaro-Murillo, D. L. DeAngelis, J. Schmidt, M. Barga, Y. Zheng, M.H.B.A. Tamrin, M. Olson, T. Glaser, K. Kielland, F.S. Chapin, III, and J. Bryant. In press. Plant toxins and trophic cascades alter fire regime and succession on a boreal forest landscape. Ecological Modeling.

470. Halpern, B.S., C. Longo, D. Hardy, K.L. McLeod, J.F. Samhouri, S.K. Katona, K. Kleisner, S.E. Lester, J. O’Leary, M. Ranelletti, A.A. Rosenberg, C. Scarborough, E.R. Selig, B.D. Best, D.R. Brumbaugh, F.S. Chapin III, L.B. Crowder, K.L. Daly, S.C. Doney, C. Elfes, M.J. Fogarty, S.D. Gaines, K. Jacobsen, L. Bunce Karrer, H.M. Leslie, E. Neeley, D. Pauly, S. Polasky, B. Ris, K. St. Martin, G.S. Stone, U.R. Sumaila, D. Zeller. In press. An Ocean Health Index: Quantifying and mapping the health of global marine ecosystems. Nature.

471. Ray, L. A., C. A. Kolden, and F. S. Chapin, III. In press. A case for developing place-based fire management strategies from traditional ecological knowledge. Ecology and Society.

472. Seastadt, T.R., K.N. Suding, and F.S. Chapin, III. In press. Ecosystem stewardship as a framework for conservation in a directionally changing world. in R.J. Hobbs, E.S. Higgs, and C.M. Hall, editors. Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological Order. Wiley, New York.

473. Templer, P.H., M.C. Mack, F.S. Chapin, III, L.M. Chriestenson, J. E. Compton, H.D. Crook, W.S. Currie, C.J. Curtis, D.B. Dail, C.M. D’Antonio, B.A. Emmett, H.E. Epstein, C.L. Goodale, P. Gunderson, S.E. Hobbie, K. Holland, D.U. Hooper, B.A. Hungate, S. Lamontagne, K.J. Nadelhoffer, C.W. Osenberg, S.S. Perakis, P. Schleppi, J. Schimel, I.K. Schmidt, M. Sommerkorn, J. Spoelstra, A. Tietema, W.W. Wessel, and D.R. Zak. In press. Sinks for nitrogen inputs in terrestrial ecosystems: A meta-analysis of 15N tracer field studies. Ecology.

474. Yung, L., A.Schwarze, W. Carr, F.S. Chapin, III, and E. Marris In press. Engaging the public in novel ecosystems. in R.J. Hobbs, E.S. Higgs, and C.M. Hall, editors. Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological Order. Wiley, New York.

 


 

NON-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS

l. Chapin, F.S., III.  l97l.  Evaluation of the environmental impact of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline.  Congressional Record, U.S. Senate, April, l97l, S5295-96. 

2. Chapin, F.S., III.  l972.  Phosphate uptake by Eriophorum vaginatum.  U.S. IBP Tundra Biome Symp., Seattle, Wash., pp. 46-50. 

3. Chapin, F.S., III, and A. Bloom.  l974.  Field measurements of phosphate absorption by tundra plants at Barrow, Alaska.  U.S. Tundra Biome Data Report 74-37. 

4. Chapin, F.S., III, L.L. Tieszen, and K. Van Cleve.  l974.  Seasonal patterns of aboveground nutrient content of vascular plants at Barrow, Alaska. U.S. Tundra Biome Data Report 74-38.

5. Chapin, F.S., III.  l975.  Successional relationships of Eriophorum vaginatum.  In Ecological and Limnological Reconnaissances from Prudhoe Bay into the Brooks Range, Alaska, RATE Data Report. 

6. Chapin, F.S., III.  l977.  Nutrient/carbon costs associated with tundra adaptations to a cold nutrient-poor environment.  I:l83-l94.  In Proceedings Circumpolar Conference on Northern Ecology.  Ottawa, Ontario. 

7. Chapin, F.S., III.  l980.  Effect of clipping upon nutrient status and forage value of tundra plants in arctic Alaska.  Pp. l9-25.  In Proc. 2nd Internatl. Reindeer/Caribou Symposium, Roros, Norway (ed. by E. Reimers, E. Gaare, and S. Skjenneberg). Direktoratet for vilt og ferskvannsfisk, Trondheim.

8. Chapin, F.S., III.  1982.  Patterns of phosphorus absorption and chemistry as adaptations to infertile soils.  Pp. 95-100. In Plant Nutrition 1982.  Proceedings of the Ninth International Plant Nutrition Colloquium.  (ed. by A. Scaife).  Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau.

9. Bryant, J.P., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1982.  Carbon/nutrient balance of boreal plants in relation to snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) browsing.  Pp. 45-51.  In Carbon uptake and allocation in subalpine ecosystems as a key to management.  R.H. Waring (ed.).  Forest Research Laboratory,  Oregon State Univ., Corvallis.

10. Dirzo, R., and F.S. Chapin, III.  1987.  Problemas importantes en el estudio de interacciones planta-herbivoro en los bosques tropicales.  In Ecologia y ecofisiologia de plantas en los bosques mesoamericanos.  D.A. Clark, R. Dirzo, and N. Fetcher (eds.)  Revista Tropical 35, supplement 1:207-211.

11. Chapin, F.S., III.  1988.  Review of following book:  On the economy of plant form and function.  T.J. Givnish (ed.) Cambridge Univ. Press.  Cambridge.  J. Ecol. 76:292.

12. Chapin, F.S., III, and J.R. Ehleringer.  1988.  Biography of H.A. Mooney, president of the Ecological Society of America.  Bull. Ecol. Soc. Amer. 69:147-148.

13. Chapin, F.S., III, N.I. Bazilevich, G.E. Vilchek, and A.A. Tishkov.  1990.  The future response of arctic ecosystems to global warming.  Pages 130-134.  In Arctic Research - Advances and Prospects.  Part 2. Nauka, Moscow.

14. Chapin, F.S., III, E.-D. Schulze and H.A. Mooney.  1992.  Biodiversity and ecosystem function.  Trends Ecol. Evolu. 7:107-108.

15. Chapin, F.S., III and C. Kˆrner. 1994. Arctic and alpine biodiversity: Patterns, causes, and ecosystem consequences. Trends Ecol. Evolu. 9:45-47.

16. Mooney, H.A., and F.S. Chapin, III. 1994. Future directions of global change research in terrestrial ecosystems.  Trends Ecol. Evolu. 9:371-372.

17. Steffen, W.L., F.S. Chapin, III, and O.E. Sala. 1996. Global change and ecological complexity: An international research agenda. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 11:186.

18. Chapin, F.S., III.  1996.  Review of following book:  H. Tiessen (Ed.) 1995. Phosphorus in the global environment. Transfers, cycles and management. Wiley, Chichester.  Geoderma 73:257-260.

19. Sala, O.E., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2000. Scenarios of global biodiversity. IGBP Global Change News Letter43:7-19.

20. Sandberg, D.V., F.S. Chapin III and L.D. Hinzman. 2003. Frostfire: a study of the role of fire in global change in the boreal forest. In proceedings of Fire Conference 2000: The First National Conference on Fire Ecology, Prevention, and Management., Tallahassee, FL, 2000. (Miscellaneous Publication No. 13, Tall Timbers Research Station, Tallahassee, FL, USA).

21. Sturm, M., F.S. Chapin, III, M. E. Edwards, D.B. Griffith, H.P. Huntington, G.P. Kofinas, A.H. Lloyd, A.H. Lynch, B.J. Peterson, R.A. Pielke, Sr., J.P. Schimel, M.C. Serreze, and G.R. Shaver. 2003. PACTS (Pan-Arctic Cycles, Transitions, and Sustainability): A Science Plan. Land-Atmosphere-Ice Interactions Science Management Office, University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

22. Chapin, F.S., III. 2004. Review of the following book in Global Ecology and Biogeography 2004 13:477: Loreau, M., S. Naeem, and P. Inchausti (Eds.) 2002. Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning—Synthesis and Perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.

23. Hooper, D.U., F.S. Chapin III, J.J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, W.K. Lauenroth, S. Lavorel, D.M. Lodge, M. Loreau, S. Naeem, B. Schmid, H. Setälä, A.J. Symstad, J. Vandermee, and D.A. Wardle. In press. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem processes: Implications for ecosystem management. ESA position statement.

24. Kofinas, G., B. Forbes, F. Berkes, M. Berman H. Beach, F.S. Chapin, Y. Csonka, K. Danell, T. Semenova, J. Tetlichi, , O. Young, D. Magness. 2005. A Research Plan for the Study of Rapid Change, Resilience and Vulnerability in Social-Ecological Systems of the Arctic. CPR Digest of the International Association for the Study of Common Property  (6-7).

26. Chapin, F.S., III. 2007. Social-ecological sustainability in Alaskan boreal forests: The challenges of global change. Natural Resources and Environmental Studies Institute Occasional Paper No. 1, University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, B.C., Canada.

27. Chapin, F.S., III and N. Hamilton (co-chairs). 2009. Policy options for arctic environmental governance. Pages 1-8 in Transatlantic Policy Options for the Marine Arctic. Arctic Transform, Brussels.

28. Chapin, F.S., III. 2009. Resilience-building to conserve a rapidly changing future. The Arctic Circle 2:14-15.

29. Power, M.E., and F.S. Chapin, III. 2010. Planetary stewardship in a changing world: Paths toward resilience and sustainability. Bull. Ecol. Soc. Am. 91(2): 143-175.